Redefining city-state relations
Soundings 74 (2020)
UK journal Soundings focuses on the new municipalism: how Barcelona is recapturing sovereignty at city level; on municipalism and migration, populism and climate crisis; and ‘autogestion’ in Manchester.
Soundings explores how the ‘new municipalism’ can revitalize the political imagination. ‘It has the potential to re-empower localities: to involve diverse people in decision-making about their lives’, the editors write.
Òscar Garcia Agustin discusses ‘progressive localism’ in Catalonia aiming ‘to shape localisms in contested and solidaristic ways, and to link place-based politics and global processes’. Barcelona’s left municipalism recaptures sovereignty at city level, developing autonomous spaces of organization and multi-level governance, and redefining the relationship between city and state politics in the distribution of water, energy supplies, housing rights and sanctuary for refugees.
Despite its trans-local and transnational potential, the 2019 European elections in Spain showed that the new municipalism is not ‘exempt from electoral logic’. Far from it: municipalities are vulnerable to neoliberal policies and, in Spain, ‘governments of change’ lost the elections everywhere except Cadiz.
A conversation between Palermo mayor Leoluca Orlando and Tunç Soyer, mayor of Izmir, mediated by philosopher and transnational activist Lorenzo Marsili, places municipal co-operation in the context of migration, authoritarian populism and climate crisis. Orlando argues for a mobilized vision of ‘new humanism’, because all have the right to choose which group or community they belong to, migrants included. ‘I have the same right – to decide my state, to decide my identity without limits of border or of blood.’
Bertie Russell’s analysis takes us to Manchester via Henri Lefebvre’s concept of the ‘right to the city’, an ‘active process of replacing the state’ through citizens taking responsibility for governing themselves.
Russell presents a five-point-plan for a new municipalism, including coordination between elected representatives and citizens committed to transforming the city and making economic decisions; public ownership of utilities and services; and transformative city experiments such as municipal-cooperative farms to provide food to schools. Russell reinterprets what Lefebvre called ‘autogestion’ (bottom-up organization) to involve ‘the recognition that contestation over the form of the state is foundational to any concerns over its function’.
Published 22 June 2020
Original in English
First published by Eurozine
Il Mulino 4/2020
In ‘Il Mulino’, the historian François Hartog describes the genealogy of the modern concept of heritage and argues that democratization has made heritage all about emotion. Also: how cities can be reinvented in response to the pandemic; and why Italy urgently needs a reform on property tax.
Housing reform and the idea of the good home
The ‘housing question’ was formed not by the issues of poverty and necessity, but by bourgeois norms and demands – often intended to tame social unrest. From minimal dwelling to air quality, Michael Klein surveys the 19th-century discourses which still influence political thinking, and tend to exclude concerns of the underprivileged.