Kafka’s autism and an absurdist conceit
- Eurozine Review
‘Atlas’ argues that art, like humanism, is meta-social and fundamental to knowledge. Also, why Kafka provides insight into the autistic mind; and on the unfathomable world of a Norwegian absurdist.
In Atlas, cognitive scientist Per Aage Brandt invokes the Renaissance as a time when ‘people were not defined by any political, religious and national order’ but belonged to ‘humanity without borders’. In contrast, modern politics are tribal: ‘Collectives claim a shared identity in response to discrimination and, rather than demanding to be treated on the same terms as everyone else, want respect for the characteristic that triggered discrimination.’ Brandt defines the political right as ‘identitarian’ and the left as egalitarian. Art, like humanism, is independent of relationships based on power or wealth; it is ‘meta-social’ and ‘fundamental to the study of meaning – truly, to all thought. Nothing could be more humane than art.’
Jacob Meyer Hald, a young literary scholar who was diagnosed as autistic as a child, sees himself as ‘an impossibility’. ‘Regardless of how hard I struggle, however keenly I try to interpret the signs, something always goes wrong.’ Hald harbours a Hamlet-like wish to melt away and vanish but has found his true literary alter-ego in the ever bewildered K in Kafka’s The Trial – ‘the perfect prism for understanding the autistic mind’. The novel proves that control of the inscrutable world is possible and that ‘autism is a complex way of experiencing the world’.
An absurdist conceit
The latest novel by the Norwegian writer Matias Faldbakken, We Are Five, has been nominated for every serious literary price in Scandinavia. The title refers to an unheard-of addition to a mildly dysfunctional family of four: a ‘dynamic’ lump of clay that acquires a sinister mind of its own after exposure to radiation from a wi-fi router. Faldbakken moved on from the absurdist novel trilogy Scandinavian Misanthropy to write The Hill, an internationally successful ‘chamber piece’ with a wistful theme: the decline of Europe.
In We Are Five, writes Victor Boy Lindholm, he has ‘written himself into an unfathomable world where boundaries between binary concepts dissolve. Limits between nature and culture, living and dead matter, consciousness and unconsciousness, good and evil can no longer be defined.’
This article is part of the 15/2020 Eurozine review. Click here to subscribe to our weekly newsletter to get updates on reviews and our latest publishing.
Published 26 August 2020
Original in English
First published by Eurozine
Contributed by Atlas © EurozinePDF/PRINT
Dutch Review of Books 6/2020
‘Dutch Review of Books’ publishes the winner and runners up of the Joost Zwagerman Essayprijs 2020. Also: the rightwing media campaign against the mayor of Amsterdam, Femke Halsema; on Nazi collaborator and Yad Vashem-honouree Hans Georg Calmeyer; and millennial fiction.
‘Vagant’ explores intellectual landscapes of the New Right: including Thilo Sarrazin, Monika Maron and Michel Onfray. Also, a conversation with Danish novelist Olga Ravn Ravn about dominant attitudes to motherhood.