Kafka’s autism and an absurdist conceit

Atlas 2/2020

‘Atlas’ argues that art, like humanism, is meta-social and fundamental to knowledge. Also, why Kafka provides insight into the autistic mind; and on the unfathomable world of a Norwegian absurdist.

In Atlas, cognitive scientist Per Aage Brandt invokes the Renaissance as a time when ‘people were not defined by any political, religious and national order’ but belonged to ‘humanity without borders’. In contrast, modern politics are tribal: ‘Collectives claim a shared identity in response to discrimination and, rather than demanding to be treated on the same terms as everyone else, want respect for the characteristic that triggered discrimination.’ Brandt defines the political right as ‘identitarian’ and the left as egalitarian. Art, like humanism, is independent of relationships based on power or wealth; it is ‘meta-social’ and ‘fundamental to the study of meaning – truly, to all thought. Nothing could be more humane than art.’

Autistic Kafka 

Jacob Meyer Hald, a young literary scholar who was diagnosed as autistic as a child, sees himself as ‘an impossibility’. ‘Regardless of how hard I struggle, however keenly I try to interpret the signs, something always goes wrong.’ Hald harbours a Hamlet-like wish to melt away and vanish but has found his true literary alter-ego in the ever bewildered K in Kafka’s The Trial – ‘the perfect prism for understanding the autistic mind’. The novel proves that control of the inscrutable world is possible and that ‘autism is a complex way of experiencing the world’.

An absurdist conceit

The latest novel by the Norwegian writer Matias Faldbakken, We Are Five, has been nominated for every serious literary price in Scandinavia. The title refers to an unheard-of addition to a mildly dysfunctional family of four: a ‘dynamic’ lump of clay that acquires a sinister mind of its own after exposure to radiation from a wi-fi router. Faldbakken moved on from the absurdist novel trilogy Scandinavian Misanthropy to write The Hill, an internationally successful ‘chamber piece’ with a wistful theme: the decline of Europe.

In We Are Five, writes Victor Boy Lindholm, he has ‘written himself into an unfathomable world where boundaries between binary concepts dissolve. Limits between nature and culture, living and dead matter, consciousness and unconsciousness, good and evil can no longer be defined.’

More articles from ATLAS in Eurozine; ATLAS’ website

This article is part of the 15/2020 Eurozine review. Click here to subscribe to our weekly newsletter to get updates on reviews and our latest publishing.

Published 26 August 2020
Original in English
First published by Eurozine

Contributed by Atlas © Eurozine

PDF/PRINT

Published in

Share article

Newsletter

Subscribe to know what’s worth thinking about.

Related Articles

Cover for: Cancel culture vs. execute culture

Cancel culture vs. execute culture

Why Russian manuscripts don’t burn, but Ukrainian manuscripts burn all too well

Rather than debating what to do with Russian culture, western intellectuals need to talk about how to prevent another Executed Renaissance. For Ukrainians, the Soviet-Russian purge of their national intelligentsia in the 1930s is more than just a memory.

Cover for: Shoot less / F**k more

‘Czas Kultury’ remembers Serbian protest-rockers Rimtutituki, the anti-militarist supergroup banned by Milosević. Also: offensive French writing – why aversion excludes.

Discussion