is Professor of History at Yale University, member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Permanent Fellow of the Institute for Human Sciences (IWM) in Vienna. Among his publications are: Sketches From a Secret War: A Polish Artist’s Mission to Liberate Soviet Ukraine (New Haven, 2005), The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of a Habsburg Archduke (New York 2008), Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin (2010), Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning (Penguin, 2015), On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century (Tim Duggan Books, 2017) and The Road to Unfreedom: Russia, Europe, America (Tim Duggan Books, 2018). In May 2009, he delivered the keynote speech at the Eurozine conference ‘European histories’ in Vilnius.