is a Belarusian journalist and author who writes in Russian. She was awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize in Literature ‘for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time.’ Her books, which address Soviet and post-Soviet issues through multiple interviews with individuals, include: Цинковые мальчики (‘Boys in Zinc’) (Moscow. Molodaya Gvardiya. 1991); У войны не женское лицо (‘The Unwomanly Face of War’) (Minsk. Mastatskaya litaratura. 1985); Чернобыльская молитва (‘Chernobyl Prayer’) (Moscow. Ostozhye. 1997); and Время секонд хэнд (‘Secondhand Time’) (Moscow. Vremia. 2013).