ÐÅÑÉËÇØÅÉÓ ÅËËÇÍÉÊÇ ÅÐÉÈÅÙÑÇÓÇ ÐÏËÉÔÉÊÇÓ ÅÐÉÓÔÇÌÇÓ 28 (2006)

Ã. Âïýëãáñçò
ÊñÜôïò êáé êïéíùíßá ðïëéôþí óôçí ÅëëÜäá. Ìéá ó÷Ýóç ðñïò åðáíåîÝôáóç;

Ôï Üñèñï õðïóôçñßæåé üôé ôï óôåñåüôõðï ‘õðåñôñïöéêü êáé áíáðïôåëåóìáôéêü êñÜôïò- áôñïöéêÞ êïéíùíßá ðïëéôþí” ðïõ Ý÷åé åðéêñáôÞóåé óôçí ðïëéôéêÞ êïéíùíéïëïãßá ùò åñìçíåßá ôçò “åëëçíéêÞò ðåñßðôùóçò” ðñÝðåé íá åðáíåîåôáóôåß ãéáôß ïýôå ç êïéíùíßá ðïëéôþí Þôáí Þ åßíáé “áôñïöéêÞ” õðü üëåò ôéò üøåéò ôçò, ïýôå ôï êñÜôïò Þôáí Þ åßíáé ôüóï áíáðïôåëåóìáôéêü üóï ôï óôåñåüôõðï õðïèÝôåé. Êáôáñ÷Üò áíáóêïðåß ôçí ðñïÝëåõóç áõôïý ôïõ óôåñåüôõðïõ óôç ìåôáðïëéôåõôéêÞ ðåñßïäï êáé ôá èåùñçôéêÜ- ðïëéôéêÜ óõìöñáæüìåíá ìÝóá óôá ïðïßá äéáìïñöþèçêå. Êáôüðéí óêéáãñáöåß ôïõò äñüìïõò ìÝóá áðü ôïõò ïðïßïõò ïé Ýííïéåò ôïõ êñÜôïõò êáé ôçò êïéíùíßáò ôùí ðïëéôþí áðïôåëïýí óÞìåñá áíôéêåßìåíï åíäéáöÝñïíôïò êáé óõæÞôçóçò ìåôáîý ôùí êïéíùíéêþí åðéóôçìüíùí. Éäéáßôåñç Ýìöáóç äßíåé óôç óõæÞôçóç ãéá ôçí êïéíùíßá ðïëéôþí óôçí ÅëëÜäá, êáèþò äéáöïñïðïéåßôáé áðü ôçí ôñÝ÷ïõóá ÷ñÞóç ôçò Ýííïéáò, åðé÷åéñþíôáò ìéá äéáöïñåôéêÞ ðñïóÝããéóç ðïõ âáóßæåôáé óôç ãñáìóéáíÞ ïðôéêÞ. Åðßóçò, áíáôñÝ÷åé óôá ðñüóöáôá ðïñßóìáôá ôçò éóôïñéêÞò ðïëéôéêÞò êïéíùíéïëïãßáò ãéá ôïí ñüëï ôïõ êñÜôïõò óôçí êïéíùíéêÞ êáé ïéêïíïìéêÞ áíÜðôõîç, áîéïðïéþíôáò éäéáßôåñá ôïí ðñïâëçìáôéóìü ôçò ëåãüìåíçò state- society perspective. Ôá óõìðåñÜóìáôá õðïóôçñßæïõí ôåëéêÜ ôï åðé÷åßñçìá üôé ç óôåñåüôõðç ó÷Ýóç êñÜôïõò- êïéíùíßáò ðïëéôþí óôç ÅëëÜäá ðñÝðåé íá åðáíåîåôáóôåß.

×. Á. Öñáãêïíéêïëüðïõëïò
ÁëëÜæïíôáò ôïõò üñïõò. Ç óõìâïëÞ ôùí ìç êõâåñíçôéêþí ïñãáíþóåùí óôçí ðáãêüóìéá ïéêïíïìßá

Ôï ðáñüí êåßìåíï åðé÷åéñåß ìéá åéóáãùãéêÞ êáé óõíïðôéêÞ ðáñïõóßáóç ôçò åðéóôçìïíéêÞò óõæÞôçóçò ãéá ôï ñüëï ôùí ìç êõâåñíçôéêþí ïñãáíþóåùí (ÌÊÏ) óôéò äéåèíåßò ó÷Ýóåéò êáé ôçí ðáãêüóìéá äéáêõâÝñíçóç. ÐáñïõóéÜæåôáé ç Ýííïéá ôùí ÌÊÏ êáé áíôéêñïýåôáé ôï õðïôéèÝìåíï “ðñüâëçìá” ôçò íïìéìïðïßçóÞò ôïõò. Åðéðñüóèåôá, êáé óå ìïñöÞ áíôéëüãïõ óôçí êõñßáñ÷ç êñáôïêåíôñéêÞ áíôßëçøç ôùí äéåèíþí ó÷Ýóåùí, áíáëýåôáé ç äõíáôüôçôá ôùí ÌÊÏ íá ìåôáâÜëëïõí ôïí ôñüðï ïñãÜíùóçò ôçò ðáãêüóìéáò äéáêõâÝñíçóçò êáé åéäéêÜ üóïí áöïñÜ ôï ðïéïò Ý÷åé äéêáßùìá óõììåôï÷Þò óå áõôÞí. ÔÝëïò, êáôáãñÜöåôáé êáé ç ðïëõäéÜóôáôç ðïéüôçôá ôçò óõììåôï÷Þò êáé ðñüóâáóçò ôùí ÌÊÏ óå äéáêõâåñíçôéêÝò äéáðñáãìáôåýóåéò (ÓõíèÞêç ãéá ôçí Áðáãüñåõóç ôùí Íáñêþí ÎçñÜò, ÓõíèÞêç ãéá ôçí ºäñõóç ôïõ Äéåèíïýò Ðïéíéêïý Äéêáóôçñßïõ), êáé ç éêáíüôçôÜ ôïõò íá åíóùìáôþíïõí ôá êñÜôç óå ìéá åõñýôåñç äéåèíéêÞ äéáäéêáóßá ðñïóôáóßáò êáé äéáóöÜëéóçò ôùí ðáãêïóìßùí äçìïóßùí áãáèþí.

×. Êùíóôáíôéíßäïõ
Ç ðïëéôéêÞ ôáõôüôçôá óôçí åðï÷Þ ôçò ðáãêïóìéïðïßçóçò. Ôï “êßíçìá ôçò áíôéðáãêïóìéïðïßçóçò” óôïí çìåñÞóéï áèçíáúêü Ôýðï

Óôü÷ïò ôïõ Üñèñïõ áõôïý åßíáé ç áíÜëõóç ôçò êáôáóêåõÞò ôçò Ýííïéáò ôçò “íÝáò ðïëéôéêÞò ôáõôüôçôáò óôçí åðï÷Þ ôçò ðáãêïóìéïðïßçóçò”. Ùò ðáñáäåéãìáôéêü ðëáßóéï óõãêñüôçóçò ôçò Ýííïéáò áõôÞò èá åîåôáóôåß ç åéäçóåïãñáöéêÞ êÜëõøç ôïõ êéíÞìáôïò ôçò “áíôé-ðáãêïóìéïðïßçóçò” êáé ðéï óõãêåêñéìÝíá ïé äéáäçëþóåéò ïé ïðïßåò Ýãéíáí ãíùóôÝò ùò “Ðáãêüóìéá ÇìÝña ÄñÜóçò êáôÜ ôïõ Êáðéôáëéóìïý” êáé áðáó÷ïëïýí ôá ÌÌÅ áðü ôï ôÝëïò ôçò äåêáåôßáò ôïõ ’90 Ýùò óÞìåñá. Ìå áöåôçñßá ôç èåùñßá ôïõ êáèïñéóôéêïý ñüëïõ ôùí ÌÌÅ óôçí êïéíùíéêÞ êáôáóêåõÞ ôçò ðñáãìáôéêüôçôáò, êáèþò åðßóçò êáé ìå âÜóç ôï èåùñçôéêü óôï÷áóìü ãýñù áðü ôá íÝá êïéíùíéêÜ êéíÞìáôá, ôéò óõëëïãéêÝò ôáõôüôçôåò êáé ôçí ðïëéôéêÞ äñÜóç óôç ìåôáíåùôåñéêüôçôá, èá áíáæçôçèïýí ôï óçìáóéïäïôéêü óýóôçìá êáé ïé áöçãçìáôéêÝò äïìÝò ôïõ åéäçóåïãñáöéêïý ëüãïõ ôïõ áèçíáúêïý ôýðïõ ðïõ, ìÝóù ôùí áíáðáñáóôáôéêþí ôïõ ðñáêôéêþí, óõíôåëåß óôçí êáôáóêåõÞ ôçò Ýííïéáò “ôçò íÝáò ðïëéôéêÞò ôáõôüôçôáò óôçí åðï÷Þ ôçò ðáãêïóìéïðïßçóçò”.

Å. Ô. ÖáêéïëÜò- Í. ÔæéöÜêçò
Ïé åéñçíåõôéêÝò óôñáôéùôéêÝò åðé÷åéñÞóåéò ôçò ÅõñùðáúêÞò ¸íùóçò óôá ÄõôéêÜ ÂáëêÜíéá: ôï êåíü “âïýëçóçò-åöáñìïãÞò”

Ôá ôåëåõôáßá ÷ñüíéá ç Å.Å. Ý÷åé áíáëÜâåé áîéïóçìåßùôåò ðñùôïâïõëßåò ðñïêåéìÝíïõ íá äéáìïñöþóåé ìéá Åõñùðáúêëç ÐïëéôéêÞ ÁóöÜëåéáò êáé ¶ìõíáò, óôá ðëáßóéá ôïõ äåýôåñïõ “ðõëþíá” ôçò ÊÅÐÐÁ. Ôï Üñèñï áõôü åðé÷åéñåß íá áîéïëïãÞóåé ôç óôñáôéùôéêÞ ðôõ÷Þ áõôþí ôùí ðñùôïâïõëéþí. Ôï åñþôçìá ðïõ èÝôåé êáé ðñïóðáèåß íá áðáíôÞóåé åßíáé êáôÜ ðüóï ïðñáãìáôþíåôáé ç âïýëçóç ôçò Å.Å. íá ðáñÜãåé êáé íá ðñïâÜëëåé áóöÜëåéá ìå ôç ÷ñÞóç óôñáôéùôéêþí ìÝóùí óôá ÄõôéêÜ ÂáëêÜíéá. Ç áíÜëõóç, ëïéðüí, ôùí óôñáôéùôéêþí åðé÷åéñÞóåùí åéñÞíçò óôç Âïóíßá êáé ôçí ÐÃÄÌ äåß÷íåé Ýíá êåíü “âïýëçóçò- åöáñìïãÞò’, ìéá óçìáíôéêÞ äéÜóôáóç ìåôáîý ôçò ðïëéôéêÞò âïýëçóçò ôçò Å.Å. íá áíáëáìâÜíåé äñÜóåéò åðéâïëÞò Þ äéáôÞñçóçò ôçò åéñÞíçò êáé ôïõ åðé÷åéñçóéáêïý ôñüðïõ ìå ôïí ïðïßï åöáñìüæïíôáé áõôÝò óôï ðåäßï. Ôï êåíü áõôü, ðïõ ôï Üñèñï ðñïôåßíåé íá áðïôåëÝóåé ôç âÜóç ìéáò äéáöïñåôéêÞò åííïéïëïãéêÞò ðñïóÝããéóçò ôïõ ñüëïõ ôçò Å.Å. ùò “ðñïìçèåõôÞ áóöÜëåéáò”, ðáñÜãåôáé êáé áíáðáñÜãåé ôçí éäéüìïñãç äéáëåêôéêÞ õðåñåèíéêüôçôáò êáé äéáêõâåñíçôéóìïý ðïõ êáèïñßæåé ôç äõíáìéêÞ ôçò åõñùðáúêÞò óõóóùìÜôùóçò. Ç áíÜëõóç öáíåñþíåé åðßóçò üôé áõôÝò ïé óôñáôéùôéêÝò åðé÷åéñÞóåéò áðïôÝëåóáí ðåäßï áîéïëüãçóçò êáé åîÝëéîçò ôçò ßäéáò ôçò ÅõñùðáúêÞò ÐïëéôéêÞò ÁóöÜëåéáò êáé ¶ìõíáò.

Published 9 June 2007
Original in Greek

Contributed by Greek Political Science Review © Greek Political Science Review Eurozine

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