ÐÅÑÉËÇØÅÉÓ ÅËËÇÍÉÊÇ ÅÐÉÈÅÙÑÇÓÇ ÐÏËÉÔÉÊÇÓ ÅÐÉÓÔÇÌÇÓ 27 (2006)

Ó. É. ÓåöåñéÜäçò
ÓõãêñïõóéáêÞ ðïëéôéêÞ, óõëëïãéêÞ äñÜóç, êïéíùíéêÜ êéíÞìáôá: ìéá áðïôýðùóç

Ôï êåßìåíï ðïõ áêïëïõèåß áðïôõðþíåé âáóéêÜ èåùñçôéêÜ ôåêôáéíüìåíá óôï åóùôåñéêü ôçò óõãêñïõóéáêÞò ðïëéôéêÞò, êëÜäïõ óå öÜóç åêñçêôéêÞò áíÜðôõîçò. Óôá åîåôáæüìåíá èÝìáôá ðåñéëáìâÜíïíôáé: ç ãÝíåóç êáé éóôïñéêÞ éäéáéôåñüôçôá ôïõ êïéíùíéêïý êéíÞìáôïò· ç åðßäñáóç êïéíùíéêþí êáé èåóìéêþí äïìþí· ôá äéåêäéêçôéêÜ ñåðåñôüñéá· ï ñüëïò ôçò êïõëôïýñáò· ôï æÞôçìá ôùí ïñãáíþóåùí· ïé óõãêñïõóéáêïß êýêëïé êáé ôï ðñüâëçìá ôùí êéíçìáôéêþí åêâÜóåùí. Ôßèåíôáé üìùò, áêñïèéãþò, êáé åñùôÞìáôá ðïõ áöïñïýí ôçí õöÞ ôçò ôñÝ÷ïõóáò óõãêõñßáò. Ôé êïìßæåé ï 21ïò áéþíáò;

C. Tilly, S. Tarrow
ÐïëéôéêÝò ôáõôüôçôåò: ðùò ëåéôïõñãïýí;

Èåùñåßôáé óõ÷íÜ üôé üóïé õéïèåôïýí ìéá ïðôéêÞ ôáõôüôçôáò óôç ìåëÝôç ôùí êïéíùíéêþí êéíçìÜôùí âñßóêïíôáé óå áíôéðáñÜèåóç ìå äïìÝò êáé äïìéóôéêÝò ðñïóåããßóåéò. Ðáñáäüîùò, üìùò, ôüóï ïé ðñïóåããßóåéò ôáõôüôçôáò üóï êáé ïé äïìéóôéêÝò ìïéñÜæïíôáé ìéá óôáôéêÞ áíôßëçøç ôïõ ôñüðïõ ìå ôïí ïðïßï ïé íÝåò ðïëéôéêÝò ôáõôüôçôåò óõãêñïôïýíôáé, ó÷åôßæïíôáé ìå Üëëåò õöéóôÜìåíåò êáé áëëçëåðéäñïýí ìå ðïëéôéêÜ êáèåóôþôá êáé éó÷õñïýò ðïëéôéêïýò ðáñÜãïíôåò. Ôï êåßìåíï ðïõ áêïëïõèåß åóôéÜæåôáé óôç äéáäéêáóßá óýìðçîçò ðïëéôéêþí õðïêåéìÝíùí. Âáóéæüìåíï óå ôñßá éóôïñéêÜ êáé óýã÷ñïíá óõãêñïõóéáêÜ åðåéóüäéá, äéåñåõíÜ ôñßá óõíáöÞ åñùôÞìáôá: (1) Ðþò óõãêñïôïýíôáé, ðþò ìåôáâÜëëïíôáé êáé ðþò åîáöáíßæïíôáé ôá ðïëéôéêÜ õðïêåßìåíá; (2) Ðþò áðïêôïýí êáé ðþò ìåôáâÜëëïõí ôéò óõëëïãéêÝò ôïõò ôáõôüôçôåò; (3) Ðþò áëëçëåðéäñïýí ìå Üëëá ðïëéôéêÜ õðïêåßìåíá, óõìðåñéëáìâáíïìÝíùí ôùí áñ÷þí; Ãéá íá áðáíôÞóïõìå, äéáöïñïðïéïýìå ìåôáîý äéáëåéðüíôùí õðïêåéìÝíùí, èåóìïèåôçìÝíùí óõìöåñüíôùí êáé ïìÜäùí áêôéâéóôþí. Óôç óõíÝ÷åéá óõó÷åôßæïõìå ôç äéáäéêáóßá óõãêñüôçóçò ôáõôïôÞôùí ìå ôçí ôç “äïìÞ ôùí åõêáéñéþí”, áõôÞ ôçí êëáóéêÞ äïìéóôéêÞ êáôáóêåõÞ. ÊáôáëÞãïõìå åîåôÜæïíôáò ôç ó÷Ýóç ìåôáîý ôáõôïôÞôùí êáé äéá÷ùñéóôéêþí ïñßùí, õðïóôçñßæïíôáò ðùò ç åìðñüèåôç åñãáóßá óõãêñüôçóçò ôáõôïôÞôùí åßíáé åîáéñåôéêÞò óçìáóßáò ó¢ áõôü ðïõ áðïêáëïýìå “óýíèåôá óõóôÞìáôá”.

É. Á. ÌðïôåôæÜãéáò
ÌÊÏ êáé Êïéíùíßá Ðïëéôþí, ìéá ðñïâëçìáôéêÞ ó÷Ýóç: ç ðåñßðôùóç ôùí åëëçíéêþí Ìç Êõâåñíçôéêþí Ðåñéâáëëïíôéêþí Ïñãáíþóåùí

Ôï ðáñüí Üñèñï åîåôÜæåé ôï ñüëï ôùí Ìç Êõâåñíçôéêþí Ðåñéâáëëïíôéêþí Ïñãáíþóåùí (ÌÊ-ÐÏ) ùò äñþíôùí ôçò Êïéíùíßáò ôùí Ðïëéôþí (ÊôÐ). Áñ÷éêÜ õðïóôçñßæåôáé üôé ïé áõîçìÝíïé áñéèìïß êáé äñáóôçñéüôçôá ôùí ÌÊ-ÐÏ äåí ðñÝðåé íá åîéóþíïíôáé áõôüìáôá ìå ôçí åíäõíÜìùóç ôçò ÊôÐ êáèþò ìðïñåß íá ïöåßëïíôáé êáé óå çãåìüíåõóç ôïõ ÷þñïõ áðü ìéá ïìÜäá ¡åðáããåëìáôéêþí¢ ïñãáíþóåùí, åîÝëéîç ðïõ üíôùò ðáñáôçñåßôáé ãéá ôéò ÅëëçíéêÝò ÌÊ-ÐÏ. Åí óõíå÷åßá åîåôÜæïíôáé ïé äñÜóåéò ôùí óçìáíôéêüôåñùí Åëëçíéêþí ÌÊ-ÐÏ ùò äñþíôùí ôçò ÊôÐ. Õðïóôçñßæåôáé üôé ãéá íá ÷áñáêôçñéóôïýí ùò ïñãáíþóåéò ôçò ÊôÐ ïöåßëïõí íá èåùñïýí üôé åßíáé õðü÷ñååò ìéáò åõñýôåñçò, ¡êïéíùíéêÞò ëïãïäïóßáò¢ ôùí äñÜóåþí ôïõò: áõôÞ ç áíôßëçøç ðñÝðåé íá ðñáãìáôþíåôáé óå èÝìáôá êáé óôÜóåéò äéáöÜíåéáò, åêðñïóþðçóçò êáé íïìéìïðïßçóçò. Ç åñãáóßá óõìðåñáßíåé üôé ïé óçìáíôéêüôåñåò ÅëëçíéêÝò ÌÊ-ÐÏ áíôéëáìâÜíïíôáé ôï ñüëï ôïõò ìÜëëïí äéáäéêáóôéêÜ, ùò ïìÜäåò ðáñï÷Þò äçìüóéùí õðçñåóéþí, êáé ùò åê ôïýôïõ ç äñÜóç ôïõò äåí åíéó÷ýåé ôïí óõãêåêñéìÝíï ôïìÝá ôçò ÊôÐ.

Ã. Ìðáëáìðáíßäçò
Ôï åèíéêü-ëáúêéóôéêü åðé÷åßñçìá: éäåïëïãéêÝò óõíáíôÞóåéò óôï Ýäáöïò ôïõ óõíôçñçôéóìïý

Ôï Üñèñï áõôü ìåëåôÜ ôéò ðïëëáðëÝò óõãêëßóåéò äýï åôåñïãåíþí ðåñéðôþóåùí éäåïëïãéêïý ëüãïõ, óôçí ÅëëÜäá ôçò äåêáåôßáò ôïõ ¢90 áëëÜ êáé ìÝóá êáé åíÜíôéá óôéò óõíèÞêåò ôçò õðü äéáìüñöùóç íÝáò ðáãêïóìéüôçôáò. Ðáñáêïëïõèþíôáò ôïí äçìüóéï ëüãï ðïõ äéáôõðþíïõí ôï ÊÊÅ êáé ç Ïñèüäïîç Åêêëçóßá ôçò ÅëëÜäáò, äéáðéóôþíïõìå êáôáñ÷Þí ôçí êïéíÞ åêöïñÜ åíüò åèíïëáúêéóôéêïý åðé÷åéñÞìáôïò. Åðé÷åßñçìá ðïõ, óôç óõíÝ÷åéá, äéáóõíäÝåôáé ìå ìßá ðáñáäïóéïêñáôéêÞ óôñïöÞ, óõãêñïôþíôáò Ýôóé ôï ðåäßï äéáìüñöùóçò åíüò ëüãïõ áíôéèåôéêïý ðñïò ôï êõâåñíçôéêü åêóõã÷ñïíéóôéêü ðñüãñáììá, ôï ïðïßï, ðáñÜëëçëá, óõíáíôÜ ôá üñéá ôçò äéêÞò ôïõ åñãáëåéáêüôçôáò. Ôï Üñèñï êáôáëÞãåé ìå ôç äéáðßóôùóç üôé ïé óõãêëßóåéò ôùí äýï õðü åîÝôáóç öïñÝùí åðéóõìâáßíïõí óôï Ýäáöïò åíüò áíáäõüìåíïõ óõíôçñçôéóìïý, ï ïðïßïò åðéêáèïñßæåé êëáóóéêÝò äé÷ïôïìßåò ôïõ ðïëéôéêïý ðåäßïõ (üðùò ÁñéóôåñÜ-ÄåîéÜ) êáé ôåëéêÜ åõíïåß ôç äçìüóéá ðáñÝìâáóç ôùí ðáñáäïóéáêÜ óõíôçñçôéêþí ðïëéôéêþí êáé êïéíùíéêþí äõíÜìåùí, üðùò åäþ ç Ïñèïäïîç Åêêëçóéá.

Å. ÔåðÝñïãëïõ – Ó. Óêñßíçò
Ôï ìïíôÝëï ôùí åêëïãþí äåýôåñçò ôÝîçò êáé ïé ÅõñùåêëïãÝò ôçò 13çò Éïõíßïõ 2004 óôçí ÅëëÜäá

Ôï Üñèñï åðé÷åéñåß íá åîåôÜóåé ôéò ÅõñùåêëïãÝò 2004 óôçí ÅëëÜäá õðü ôï ðñßóìá ôïõ ìïíôÝëïõ ôùí åêëïãþí äåýôåñçò ôÜîçò. Óôï ðñþôï ìÝñïò, áíáëýåôáé ôï èåùñçôéêü ðëáßóéï ðïõ äéÝðåé åêëïãÝò ìéêñüôåñçò óçìáóßáò êáé áíáöÝñïíôáé ôá ÷áñáêôçñéóôéêÜ êáé ïé õðïèÝóåéò ôïõ ìïíôÝëïõ ðïõ äéáôõðþèçêáí ôï 1980 áðü ôïõò Reif êáé Schmitt êáé Ý÷åé åðéêñáôÞóåé íá ÷ñçóéìïðïéåßôáé éäéáßôåñá óôç ìåëÝôç ôùí Åõñùåêëïãþí. Óôï äåýôåñï ìÝñïò, åîåôÜæïíôáé ïé êýñéïé èåìáôéêïß Üîïíåò ôïõ ìïíôÝëïõ ãéá ôçí åêëïãéêÞ áíáìÝôñçóç ôïõ Éïõíßïõ 2004 êáé áðïäåéêíýåôáé üôé åðáëçèåýïíôáé ïé õðïèÝóåéò ãéá ôç óõììåôï÷Þ êáé ôá ðïóïóôÜ ôùí êïììÜôùí. Óõíåðþò ïé ÅõñùåêëïãÝò 2004 óôçí ÅëëÜäá åìðßðôïõí óôçí êáôçãïñßá ôùí åêëïãþí äåýôåñçò ôÜîçò.

Published 9 October 2006
Original in Greek

Contributed by Greek Political Science Review © Greek Political Science Review Eurozine

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