Europe and its Shadow This text is a part of the research "The Bulgarian School and the Perception of Europe", undertaken by a team from the Institute for Critical Social Studies in cooperation with the Bulgarian Colleges Foundation and financed by the MATRA KAP Programme of the Royal Dutch Embassy. The research is part of the long-term research and educational programme of the ICSS in sociology of history. The sociological part of the project was implemented between March and July 1999 and included focus groups with high school history teachers and a questionnaire with students. The article presents the results from the group discussions with teachers (two in Sofia and two in Plovdiv).
European unification is perceived in Bulagria largely as a Western act and a mechanism of “pushing out” the areas defined as other – such as “the Balkans”. This view emerges during a study of Bulgarian history teachers and their perceptions – and hence the “invisible curriculum” they pass on to their students.