Bart Pushaw

Art historian. Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Copenhagen.

Articles

Cover for: The visual whitening of Estonians

Anthropological studies conducted during the Russian empire categorized Estonians as Asiatic. But with the rise of nationalism, colonialism and eugenics, Estonians came to be classified – and to self-classify – as Nordic and European. Photography and painting provide a record of this visual whitening.

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