Irina Borogan

is a Russian investigative journalist, co-founder and deputy editor of, a watchdog of the Russian secret services’ activities. She has covered the secret services, terrorist attacks and war conflicts in Russia and across the globe. She is a visiting fellow at The King’s College Russia Institute. She co-authored three books with Andrei Soldatov:
The New Nobility: Russia’s Security State and the Enduring Legacy of the KGB
The Red Web: The Kremlin’s wars on the Internet
The Compatriots: The Brutal and Chaotic History of Russia’s Exiles, Émigrés, and Agents Abroad


Cover for: Surrounded by enemies

Generations of Russians schooled during and after the Soviet Union were taught that Russia’s imperial expansion took place peacefully. In this version of history, Russia was always reacting to western aggression. Sound familiar?

Cover for: Journalism under duress

Journalism under duress

From the 31st European Meeting of Cultural Journals

Three opposition journalists from Turkey, Russia and Hungary talk to Eurozine’s editor-in-chief about repressive regimes, personal risk, migration, the role of the media and the future of their profession in the digital age.

Cover for: Post-pandemic Russia

Vladimir Putin’s anger and jealousy has taken down many proactive leaders throughout Russia – and left the country vulnerable to crisis. The oil price war against Saudi Arabia backfired, and a recession was already in motion when coronavirus hit the country.

Cover for: Putinism after Putin

Many Russians were happy to exchange the freedoms of the 1990s for a stream of oil money and a concept of ‘order’ guaranteed by a paternalistic leader. Putin’s popularity may be wavering, but the demands he caters to are stronger than ever.

Cover for: China: The architect of Putin’s firewall

Not content with controlling service providers and intimidating users, the Kremlin is turning to China for technology to filter Russian cyberspace. Beijing is all too willing to lend a hand.

Cover for: Don't blame technology

Russian hackers were able to interfere in the US election because of public receptivity to anti-establishment messages. Investigative journalists Andrei Soldatov and Irina Borogan argue that distrust in traditional media provides fertile ground for Russian disinformation.

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