The Turkish government’s ongoing assault on academic freedom is nothing new, argues Ayse Caglar. But following last year’s coup attempt, the authorities have used their extensive emergency powers as cover to ‘legalize’ their illiberal moves. Is Europe slowly waking up to this reality?
Drawing on Erdoğan’s war on the prices of certain agricultural produce, the June issue of the Turkish journal Varlik explores the politics of the potato.
In Turkey, where food price inflation runs at more than 40 per cent, the staples of life have acquired new importance. In February, Erdoğan announced war on ‘groceries terrorism’ – blaming greedy traders and foreign influence for the soaring prices of potatoes and onions. The situation has led to unprecedented imports, as well as police raids of vegetable warehouses run by alleged ‘speculators’. Attempting to regulate the market, local authorities have started direct sales of cut-price but rationed vegetables. In response, Varlik turns its gaze on the ‘faithful friend of resistance, the potato’.
Potatoes and poverty
Nilgun Tutal starts her exploration of the spud at a municipal market in Istanbul. The slogan ‘Struggle Against Inflation’ is everywhere. ‘There’s a very close link between the potato and poverty. It is a vegetable that is a savior in war or time of famine’, writes Tutal. ‘Nevertheless, in this era of global finance capitalism, everyone should know that selling cheap potatoes is not the way to go about defeating inflation.’ Tutal finds the scene at the market reminiscent of Agnes Varda’s documentary Les Glaneurs et la Glaneuse (‘The Gleaners and I’), asking whether Turkish life allows space for the serendipitous beauty that Varda found as she traced the potato’s production chain in France.
An apology to the potato
Mehmet Özkan Şüküran plots the ‘mystery’ of the potato through Turkish letters, including İlhan Berk, who in 1978 expressed in verse his dislike of the vegetable’s universality: ‘The potato has no character you can recognize / I do not like the potato’. A decade later, the poet felt the need to revisit the poem with an addition, this time addressing the potato directly to apologize for failing to see the greatness inherent in the ordinary.
Potatoes in film
Musab Oğuz starts unpeeling the potato by examining Ridley Scott’s 2015 film The Martian, where the vegetable enables hero Mark Watney to survive on Mars. ‘Once Mark extracts the first crop of potatoes from the soil of Mars made fertile with human excrement, America has become great and excellent again,’ Oğuz writes. He contrasts the triumphant sci-fi film with Béla Tarr’s 2011 A Torinói Lo (The Turin Horse), in which eating potatoes is emblematic of a ‘pleasure-free purgatory’ and the videogame Minecraft where ‘wanting to eat potatoes means maximizing lethal threats and approaching death’.
No ordinary potato
İncilay Cangöz covers the hyper-reality of the media frenzy surrounding onion and potato prices, contrasting the obsessive attention on ‘onion speculators’ and the cost of living and with other potential stories such as the collapse of globalization, the rise of racism, and faith-based terrorism. ‘Because it is a powerful institution on the intersection of the economy, politics and social life, the new media’s conceptions of reality will never be exempt from ideology. And neither can news about ordinary onions and potatoes…’
This is part of our 11/2019 Eurozine review. Click here to subscribe to our reviews, and you also can subscribe to our newsletter and get the bi-weekly updates about latest publications and news on partner journals.
Published 21 June 2019
Original in English
First published by Eurozine
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