John Erik Fossum

is Professor of Political Science at the University of Oslo. His research interests include political theory, democracy and constitutionalism in the EU and Canada, Europeanization and the transformation of the nation-state. He is co-author with Erik O. Eriksen of The European Union’s Non-members: Independence Under Hegemony? (Routledge, 2015) and co-editor with Ben Crum of Practices of Inter-parliamentary Coordination in International Politics: The European Union and Beyond (ECPR Press, 2013) and with Erik O. Eriksen of Rethinking Democracy and the European Union (Routledge, 2012).


Cover for: Second-rate Europeans?

Second-rate Europeans?

Lessons from the European Union's non-members

States such as Norway or Switzerland have tended to relinquish sovereignty to the European Union without any prospect of co-determining the course that the Union takes, write Erik O. Eriksen and John Erik Fossum. Moreover, such states experience new EU treaties or reforms as “shocks” for which they are poorly prepared in comparison to member states. But these are not the only lessons that voters in the UK’s upcoming referendum on EU membership may wish to consider.