Clear ideological differences between East and West may be long gone. But recently solidarity itself seems to have become a thing of the past too. Public debate in Europe is now riven by a new volatile set of polemics about the European Union, the memory of the Holocaust and of communist crimes, nationalism and multiculturalism. The resulting misperceptions are of a different order to those of the Cold War.
Paul Gradvohl is a historian at CERCLE (Centre de recherche sur les cultures et les littératures européennes), Université de Lorraine. His research focuses on France’s European relations and Central Europe.