Gesine Schwan

(b.1943) is a German political science professor and former President of the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt Oder. In 2004 and 2009, she was the SPD candidate for the German presidential election.


Knowledge is not a shovel

Universities and democratic society

The primary aim of education, however one understands it, must be to nurture the ability to reflect, to develop new ideas, and to implement these collectively, writes Gesine Schwan. Cognitive multilingualism is the only way to prevent the specialization of knowledge narrowing our horizons to an extent that results in structural irresponsibility.

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