Daniele Archibugi

is a Technological Director at the Italian National Research Council and a Commissioner of the Authority for Public Services of the Rome City Council. He has written extensively on the globalization of technology, the measurement of innovation, and the impact of innovation on economic performance. He has worked and taught at the universities of Roskilde, Sussex, Naples, Cambridge, and Rome. He is an adviser to the European Commission, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and several UN specialized agencies.


Most democracies today apply double standards concerning democratic principles – such as the rule of law and the respect for human rights – in domestic and in foreign politics; US being the prime example of such double standards. Daniele Archibugi looks at the case of the Iraq war and asks if the world’s democracies have a mission to “democratize” other countries.

The authors of this essay question the statist response to the terrorist attacks of September 11 and offer some vision of how the United States and other global actors might have and can still conceive of their possibilities for action under a cosmopolitan vision of political responsibility. They argue that a different response to the attacks, based on the rule of law and international co-operation, could have been equally effective to combat terrorism in the long run, and could have also opened the way to a more just and stable world order.

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