At a time when anti-Ottoman bigotry abounded, the Scotsman Elias John Wilkinson Gibb was a sympathetic interpreter of Islam to the Christian West. What struck Gibb, with his “Scottish democratic intellect”, was how distant written Ottoman Turkish was from the spoken language.
graduated from Edinburgh University with an MA in Turkish in 1976. He completed a PhD thesis entitled Ottoman Contributions to Islamic Rhetoric in 1979. He has been working in business in Edinburgh ever since but still finds time to write articles on a variety of subjects mainly to do with the Ottomans.