has written widely on Austrian, Jewish, and central European history. His books include Vienna and the Jews, 1867-1938: A Cultural History (Cambridge University Press, 1989); Herzl (Halban, 1991); Francis Joseph (Longman, 1996); A Concise History of Austria (Cambridge, 2006); Antisemitism: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2007; 2nd ed. 2015), and Democracy: All That Matters (Hodder, 2013).