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Mittelweg 36 | 5/2015

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Affekte regieren [Affects rule]

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Nafeez Ahmed

Safeguarding the "grey zone"

For free, open and diverse societies

In an article first published shortly after the 13 November Paris terrorist attacks, investigative journalist Nafeez Ahmed addresses the twisted logic of extremist ideologies; and how to break the continuum of violence that such ideologies seek to perpetuate. [ more ]

Valeria Korablyova

Pariahs and parvenus?

Ulrike Guérot

Europe as a republic

Hal Foster, John Douglas Millar

After the canon?

Robert Menasse

A brief history of the European future

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Osteuropa | 5-6/2015

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Now and again we dream of Europe

Host | 8/2015

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Beyond imagination or control

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Mittelweg 36 Articles
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Klaas Voß

Returning to civil society

On the reintegration of veterans

Veteran soldiers returning to civil society from the world's theatres of war may face any number of challenges, from the effects of trauma to the failure of reintegration. But there are cases, writes Klaas Voß, where the reintegration of veterans offers civil society itself a window of opportunity. [more]


Ulrike Jureit

On structuring time

The 8th of May 1945 as historical caesura

It would be hard to conceive of German historiography without the historical caesura that is 8 May 1945, writes Ulrike Jureit. However, it is important to remain wary of collapsing the variety of events and perspectives that surround such a moment into one singular occurrence. [more]


Burkhardt Wolf

Replaying the Vietnam War

On Chris Marker and Jean-Luc Godard

In the 1960s, the Vietnam War became the first televised conflict. At the same time, filmmakers like Chris Marker and Jean-Luc Godard opened a new era of political filmmaking. Burkhardt Wolf explains how these events unfolded, both on and off screen. [more]


Sven Opitz

In a time of emergency laws

Affective and legal domains in the war on terror

The practice of targeted killings in the war on terror, writes Sven Opitz, makes a mockery of received notions of due process in liberal states. Welcome to the global battlespace, in which a creeping new military urbanism is becoming ever more tangible. [more]


Klaas Voß

The year of maximum danger

On the Able Archer war scare of 1983

Klaas Voß finds that literature on the threat of nuclear war in 1983 reads like Thomas Pynchon's 1973 postmodern masterpiece "Gravity's Rainbow". So how much light can a historian now expect to shed on what may seem like a case of ignorant armies clashing by night? [more]


Svenja Ahlhaus

Animals in parliament?

Toward a new understanding of political representation

It's not so much that animals must have certain qualities to be capable of being represented, writes Svenja Ahlhaus. It's rather that their representatives must have certain capabilities and insights at their disposal in order to be able to represent animals at all. [more]


Reinhard Merkel, Jan Philipp Reemtsma

Of neighbours, daughters and pistols

A discussion on the annexation of Crimea

In a discussion that took place in May on events in Crimea, Jan Philipp Reemtsma and Reinhard Merkel may not see eye to eye on the finer points of international law. But they do agree that western double standards cannot excuse Russia's intervention in Ukraine. [more]


John Borneman

Liberation in the women and gay movements

When did the queer performance of identity markers begin to be seen as more subversive than marching through the institutions? And how did a politics of recognition, performance and identity trump the politics of class? John Borneman investigates. [more]


William E Scheuerman

Civil disobedience for an age of total surveillance

The case of Edward Snowden

By charging Edward Snowden under the Espionage Act, the US government has failed in its constitutional duty to protect civil disobedience, argues political scientist William Scheuermann. The situation highlights the need for a global human rights framework that could protect legitimate whistleblowers. [more]


Christoph Classen

Generation war

Filtering the memory of Germany's Nazi past

Last year's German TV production "Unsere Mütter, Unsere Väter" -- rights to which have been sold in 82 countries under the title "Generation War" -- portrays its protagonists as "people like us", controverting any notion of individual responsibility, writes Christoph Classen. [more]


Jan Philipp Reemtsma

"Honourable job! Honourable job!"

Speech commemorating 9 November 1938

The text of Jan Philipp Reemtsma's speech, delivered to mark the 75th anniversary of Kristallnacht, provides a cogent reminder of the fragility of democracy; and, that it is the citizens and their political representatives who have the future of democracy in their grasp. [more]


Sönke Neitzel

The West and the new wars

The array of professional skills, both military and civilian, and moral virtues expected of today's democratic soldier are hardly ever found in combination in real human beings, writes Sönke Neitzel: a clear sign that the armies of western European states have yet to regroup after the cold war. [more]


Valentin Groebner

After the megabyte bomb

Academic publishing in the Internet age

Media theorists have replaced theologists as the prophets of the twenty-first century. But, whereas doom-mongers once predicted that established rules and structures would dissolve with digitalization, is the promised land of the digital and creative self-organization not now near at hand? [more]


Charles S. Maier

The return of political economy

The suggestion that the division of the social product is as urgent a problem as its overall growth has led to political economy returning to both history and current politics, argues Charles S. Maier. High time, then, to analyse deprivation, wealth and inequality on a world scale. [Estonian version added] [more]


William E Scheuerman

Barack Obama's "war on terror"

William E Scheuerman explains why Obama's mediocre humanitarian record in the "war on terror" deserves our critical scrutiny. And how US presidential government's latent monarchist attributes have generated far-reaching policy and legal continuities between Bush and Obama. [more]


Lutz Raphael

Imperial violence and national mobilization

Lutz Raphael advances an interpretative paradigm for European history in the first half of the twentieth century that focuses on Europe's global interdependencies - and will enhance our understanding of the era's world wars, unrestrained violence and ideological confrontation. [more]


Charles Postel

Occupy: A populist response to the crisis of inequality

The Occupy movement resembles nineteenth-century American populism in its anger at the avarice of bankers and financiers and in its notions of majoritarian democracy. Where it differs from the old Populists is in its attitude to the state, writes Charles Postel. [more]


Vanessa Williamson

The Tea Party and the remaking of Republican conservatism

Tea Party activism combines participatory engagement and political experience with severe misinformation and intolerance of opponents. How can well-educated and intelligent grassroots activists have developed such wildly inaccurate visions of American public policy? [more]


Ramin Jahanbegloo

The Green Movement and nonviolent struggle in Iran

Though it had the potential to turn violent, Iran's Green Movement was determined to seek dialogue with the state. In doing so, it put back in the bottle the genie of violence released by the Khomeini revolution thirty years earlier, writes Ramin Jahanbegloo. [more]


Wolfgang Knöbl

Imperial rule and violence

Colonial rule was stable only where it could rely on local cooperation. Frequently, the massive use of violence was the only possibility of demonstrating imperial claims to power. Given the fragility of colonial structures, then, can one speak of "domination"? [more]


Michael Ignatieff

Progressive politics for hard times

Responding to Tony Judt's appeal to the lost values of social democracy, Michael Ignatieff makes a case for solidarity amidst recession, while arguing for a politics of individual empowerment over corporate and state-sector self-privileging. [more]


Dan Diner

Memory displaced

Re-reading Jean Améry's "Torture"

Jean Améry, writing in 1965, famously called torture "the essence of the Third Reich". Why did Améry, the Holocaust survivor, emphasize torture over the annihilation of the Jews? His choice can be understood in the context of debate on the Algerian war, argues Dan Diner. [more]


Jan Süselbeck

The dismembered virgin as pawn of genocide

Kleist's drama "Die Herrmannsschlacht" has generally been read as a national call to arms against the Napoleonic forces. Jan Süselbeck looks instead at the role of women in this "Germanic Jihad", re-reading Kleist's drama in the light of analyses of "asymmetric war". [more]


Ulrich Beck, Ulrich Bielefeld, Nikola Tietze

More justice through more Europe

An interview with Ulrich Beck

While discrepancies between EU member states can be overlooked during win-win periods of growth, recession triggers xenophobic and anti-European reactions in both rich and poor countries. In interview, Ulrich Beck explains how inequality leaves the Union susceptible to decay. [more]


Christoph Schneider

Perpetrators without qualities

On the impact of social-psychological models in Holocaust research

Social-psychological research tends to reproduce the ideal of inherently good, sane and normal human beings. The possibility that subjects have multiple identities and that hybrid states deserve the term "normal" challenges this assumption. [more]


Tim B. Müller

Reform and rationality

With regard to recent publications Tim B. Müller analyses the relationship between the horizon of expectations of modernity and the scientification of the political in the Cold War. [more]


Richard Overy

The concentration camp

An international perspective

The concentration camp is still popularly viewed as a distinctly national-socialist phenomenon. Yet the first camps were established well before the Third Reich, writes Richard Overy, and they were by no means confined to Germany. [more]


Jacques Delors

In search of Europe

An interview with Jacques Delors

"We don't just need firefighters; we need architects too." Jacques Delors, three times President of the European Commission, speaks of "this Europe of values", its triumphs and failures, and his hope that a federal Europe of nation-states will, eventually, become a reality. [more]


Nikola Tietze

Experience, institution and critique in post-industrial society

On François Dubet's sociology

With his studies about suburban youths, the French school system or workplace inequality, Francois Dubet has contributed both to the conceptualization of contemporary social relations and, as a "public sociologist", to political debate in France. Nikola Tietze reviews his work. [more]


Aleida Assmann

Here am I, where are you?

Loneliness in the era of communication

The Internet has abolished loneliness, or rather got rid of its negative effects to a hitherto unimagined degree, writes Aleida Assmann. Borders between sociability and loneliness are shifting and the pressure of social conformity lessens as computer nerds turn into savvy heroes. [more]


Steven E. Aschheim

Icons beyond their borders

The German-Jewish intellectual legacy at the beginning of the twenty-first century

Romantic valorization only partly explains the iconic status of German-Jewish intellectuals. Their tactics of critical displacement have attracted them to the post-modernists, whose impact they will probably outlast, writes Steven E. Aschheim. [more]


Tina Denninger, Stephan Lessenich, Anna Richter, Silke van Dyk

The "upgrading" of age: A social farce

Old age is increasingly seen as a social resource, the discourse promoting a win-win situation in which society makes use of the elderly while acknowledging their worth. So does this mean that older people are about to witness an improvement in their social status? [more]


Hannah Arendt, Leni Yahil

"Dear Hannah Arendt..."

Correspondence between Leni Yahil and Hannah Arendt, 1961-1971

When Hannah Arendt went to Jerusalem to observe the Eichmann trial in 1961, she befriended Leni Yahil. The two began a correspondence that ended abruptly in 1963, after the publication of Arendt's articles on Eichmann. Their friendship did not withstand the "Arendt controversy". [more]


Júlia Garraio

Rape as the trope of a failed process of coming to terms with the past

As a tropes that stand for two different but equally failed forms of coming to terms with the past, the rapes portrayed in two contemporary German novels serve as keys to understanding the postwar history of Eastern and Western Germany. [more]


Markus Pöhlmann

Planet Terror

War and civil war in zombie films since 1968

Moving away from the atavistic, "gore" dimension of the zombie film to the role of organized, military violence, Markus Pöhlmnann reads the zombie genre as cultural reflection of global social disorder and the changing character of warfare. [more]


Danny Trom

Two tropisms

The crisis of social critique as seen from Paris and Frankfurt

There has long been a two-way influence between Frankfurt School critical theory and Parisian sociology. Nevertheless, specifically Franco-German misunderstandings exist over the nature of social critique and its political role, writes Danny Trom. [more]


Jochen Hellbeck

Everyday ideology: Life during Stalinism

Postmodernist historians of totalitarian societies underrate the role of ideology at the individual level, preferring a performative reading of subjectivity. This fails to explain why the Soviet and Nazi regimes generated absolute commitment, writes Jochen Hellbeck. [more]


Walter Siebel

Making the world more livable

City planning as social policy

A comparison of European and Islamic cities shows how in the first half of the twentieth century, the sophistication of planning tools increased in inverse proportion to planners' socio-political utopianism. [more]


Wolfgang Kraushaar

Picture puzzle

Hans Magnus Enzensberger in 1968

"His role was not that of a spokesman, but rather of a mentor, an influential prompter, later a critic, yet also a sometime activist." Wolfgang Kraushaar on Enzenberger's position as "libero" of the German '68 movement. [more]


Jan Philipp Reemtsma

The hero, the I and the we

Heroes - and hero-worship - may not be as selfless as we like to think, argues Jan Philipp Reemtsma. "Heroes are people who live out their narcissism to an extent not normally permitted in everyday life. They receive admiration not despite, but because of their narcissism." [more]


Miranda Alison, Debra Bergoffen, Pascale Bos, Louise du Toit, Regina Mühlhäuser, Gaby Zipfel

"My plight is not unique"

Sexual violence in conflict zones: a roundtable discussion

What conceptions of gender underlie military policy towards sexual violence? Is the form violence takes determined by the type of warfare? And to what extent is sexual violence in wartime different to that in peacetime? A roundtable discussion. [more]


Theresa Wobbe

From nation-building to market-building

Georg Simmel's concept of "society as unity of the diversity of forms and degrees of sociality" opens up a non-national perspective on society. What is the structure of the sociality of the EU and what are the social forms that allow for a self-stabilization of this system? [more]


Andreas Reckwitz

The self-culturalization of the city

Andreas Reckwitz challenges the neoliberal euphoria of "cultural planning" and the exploitation of the "cultural resources" of cities. What is the Other of the creative city? [more]


Jan Philipp Reemtsma

Victims of violence: Can we demand restraint from the public sphere?

Does press freedom entail an unlimited right to information on the part of the public? Not when that information concerns victims of violent crime, argues Jan Philipp Reemtsma. An interest in crime is not the same thing as an interest in the victims of crime. [more]


Christian Schneider

What are heroes for?

Heroes, writes Christian Schneider, mark the boundaries of human behaviour. And without boundaries, there is no scale and no purpose. [more]


Jens Hacke

Feelings of community

On Jürgen Habermas's concept of collective identity

For Jürgen Habermas, one of the key tasks for a modern society is to establish a "reasonable identity". But there is a blind spot in Habermas's theory, writes Jens Hacke. It fails to recognize the importance of non-rational, emotional identification for the formation of a collective identity. [more]


Wolfgang Kraushaar

"The personality cult must be ended now!"

Paint-bombs at Tiananmen Square

The outcome of the Tiananmen Square demonstrations in June 1989 is well known. Less so is the fate of the three young men who threw paint bombs at the portrait of Mao Tse-tung adorning the gate to the Forbidden City. Wolfgang Kraushaar chronicles the events of twenty years ago. [more]


Wolfgang Kraushaar

"Chile Si, Junta No!"

Political protests at the 1974 FIFA World Cup

Chile's participation in the 1974 FIFA World Cup in Germany provided an opportunity for leftwing groups to make their opposition to the Chilean government junta visible to an international public. A chapter from the "Protest Chronicle". [more]


Wolfgang Kraushaar

Hannah Arendt and the student movement

Notes on the correspondence between Hans-Jürgen Benedict and Hannah Arendt

Hannah Arendt's evaluation of the student movement was "multivalent", writes Wolfgang Kraushaar in the introduction to a telling correspondence. Arendt appeared to be "torn between the progressive impulses and the off-putting tendencies of the '68 rebellion". [more]


Ulrich Bielefeld

Nation and world society

The nation remains the accepted form of political organization in the "world society". Nevertheless, nations are "post-sovereign" in that they admit that the nation constitutes "neither a group nor a community", nor "classes that form themselves as such". [more]


Dirk Tänzler

Corruption as metaphor

Facts, perceptions, interpretive patterns

Corruption has increasingly become an issue for political agendas and public debates. Yet a comparative study of perceptions of corruption in Germany and Romania suggests that value judgments are involved, writes Dirk Tänzler. [more]


Harald Weilnböck

"The trauma must remain inaccessible to memory"

Part III

In the final part of Harald Weilnböck's essay on poststructuralist borrowing of the concept of psycho-trauma, the author draws some troubling conclusions from Dr Goodheart's excursus into poststructuralist trauma theory. Could an interest in ensuring that "the trauma remains inaccessible to memory" be affiliated to institutional structures of power, control, and exclusion? [more]


Harald Weilnböck

"The trauma must remain inaccessible to memory"

Part II

In the second part of Harald Weilnböck's essay on poststructuralist borrowing of the concept of psycho-trauma, Dr Goodheart is confronted with an example of "trauma-therapy bashing" and the notion of "loyalty towards the dead". Feeling vaguely threatened, he begins to wonder whether the humanities' approach to trauma is more than just innocuous nonsense. [more]


Harald Weilnböck

"The trauma must remain inaccessible to memory"

Part I

In a long and thought-provoking essay, Harald Weilnböck examines poststructuralist borrowing of the concept of pyscho-trauma and finds it distorts the clinical understanding of the term. In part one, the fictional Dr Goodheart puzzles over the assertion that "trauma must remain inaccessible to memory" and analyzes a "hermeneutical assault" on Hitchcock's "Marnie". [more]


Michail Ryklin

Branded but not a slave

On the work of Varlam Shalamov

Varlam Shalamov's Kolyma Tales is the stylistic counterpart to Solzhenitsyn's cosmetic account of the Gulag. Michail Ryklin defends the existential authenticity of what Solzhenitsyn criticized as a fiction "without the expression of authorial subjectivity". [more]


Bernd Greiner

In view of the occasion

A war that began with a lie and must end in disaster

In Iraq, like in Vietnam, the US military is in thrall to ideological warriors in civilian dress; and in Iraq, like in Vietnam, morale has disintegrated among troops fighting a war without fronts. Bernd Greiner examines the US military's unwillingness to learn from its mistakes. [more]


Thorsten Loch

On the role of the media in asymmetric conflicts

Focusing on military history and media studies

"The act of violence is always an act of communication", writes Thorsten Loch. Both sides in today's "asymmetric" conflicts make use of global channels of information: the stronger side tries to legitimate wars while the weaker side attempts to use the international press to beat the west at its own game. [more]


Hans-Joachim Lenger

Holographic wars

On the "real time" of the object

The absence of images of contemporary war is not the result of censorship, rather that "war" in a certain sense no longer exists. "Predator" questions the status of the images that war must fall back on in order to remain "war". [more]


Jan Philipp Reemtsma

Richard Rorty

An obituary

Richard Rorty can be placed alongside Hume, Montaigne, and Wittgenstein in a tradition of dissident philosophy, writes Jan Philipp Reemtsma. All wanted to put an end to the traditional philosophical discussion, but have become, in one way or another, part of the philosophical establishment. [more]


Richard Rorty

Democracy and philosophy

Moral insight "is a matter of imagining a better future, and observing the results of attempts to bring that future into existence". In "Kritika&Kontext", Richard Rorty (1931-2007) outlines the anti-foundationalist premise of his philosophy. [more]


Louise du Toit

Feminism and the ethics of reconciliation

The failure of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission to do justice to women rape victims was not a simple oversight but is constitutive of the symbolic order dominating the political landscape of "liberal democracies". [more]


Emilio Gentile


A definition by way of orientation

An increase in the use of a "generic" definition of fascism has seen the term being conflated with communism, even when those to whom it is applied clearly rejected such an association. [more]


Jacques Sémelin

Elements of a grammar of massacre

Intention is a misleading concept when defining genocide. An alternative model is needed "at whose centre lies the imaginary, which forms and reforms the social body according to the measurements of its fears". [more]


Michael Wildt

Biopolitics, ethnic cleansing, and the sovereignty of the people

A sketch

Racism as biopolitical selection criterion is a defining feature of modern mass murder. [more]


Lukasz Galecki, Tom Segev

Israel's secular myth

The Holocaust after its secularization

After the Eichmann trial in 1961, the Holocaust no longer meant the European Jews' failure to defend themselves but the most recent chapter in the historical struggle against adversity. The Six Day War brought a new sense of vulnerability and cemented the Holocaust as a secular myth for the entire Israeli society. [more]


Nikola Tietze

Zinedine Zidane or games of belonging

Zinedine Zidane is a figurehead around which young Muslims in France and Germany form a sense of community. The footballer's style of play is a direct expression of the immigrant experience; even the head-butt had an instructive value. [more]


Pierre Bourdieu, Franz Schultheis

In Algeria: Apprenticeship in a sociological laboratory

Pierre Bourdieu in conversation with Franz Schultheis

"I was lucky enough to witness problems of metaphysical consequence pose themselves in concrete life." Pierre Bourdieu describes how his period in Algeria informed his understanding of concepts such as work, leisure, and career. [more]


Berthold Vogel

The rhythm of society

The Algerian experience as basis for Pierre Bourdieu's sociology

"The modern economy lives solely with an eye to the future. The past is something to be overcome and destroyed, the present is interesting only as the starting point of the future." [more]


Heinz Bude, Tom Lampert, Thomas Medicus

Consider the form!

Political scientist Tom Lampert in conversation with Heinz Bude and Thomas Medicus

Tom Lampert on his book One Life, eight biographies based on archive material from Nazi Germany that resist clear-cut moral and formal distinction-making. [more]


Uta Andrea Balbier

"Zu Gast bei Freunden"

How the Federal Republic of Germany learned to take sport seriously

Haunted by memories of 1936, West Germany had tried to keep politics out of sport throughout the 1950s. In 1972, however, the ideologically motivated sporting policy of the GDR prompted a return to the use of the Olympic Games for national self-projection. [more]


Sandra Lehmann

The vague country (Jeron al-Homos)

Here the sun is sometimes dark from all the light

The extreme location of Jeron al-Homos, situated between an Israeli army checkpoint and the "fence" around Bethlehem, lays bare the function of borders and the mechanisms of power. [more]


Valentin Groebner

Bodies on the market

Mercenaries, organ trading, and a history of body history

An examination of the commodification of the body in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, including slave trading and the use of mercenaries, provides a framework for a history of the body in the contemporary context of private military enterprise and organ trading. [more]


Wolfgang Knöbl

Civil society and the state monopoly on the use of force

On the interconnection of violence and civility

Civil society is often the result of state-sanctioned violence in the past. This suggests that some hard decisions must be faced regarding the stabilization of conflict-ridden regions. [more]


Bernd Greiner

Not being able to stop

Richard Nixon's Vietnam policy as a paradigm for the Cold War

Why do heads of state insist on deciding conflicts through force, against the counsel of their advisors? What lies behind their unwillingness to use exit options? An analysis of the Nixon administration's conduct in Vietnam yields insights. [more]


Jan Philipp Reemtsma

Neighbourly relations as a resource for violence

Neighbourhoods' potential for violence can be instrumentalized by politics, be it in surveillance regimes or ethnic-national movements. A popular comic strip delivers an insight into the tensions inherent in neighbourly relations. [more]


Carlo Ginzburg, Trygve Riiser Gundersen

On the dark side of history

Carlo Ginzburg talks to Trygve Riiser Gundersen

"I consider literary modernism first of all as an attempt to discover new forms of truthfulness. In that respect it is highly relevant to me as an historian." On the problems of relativism and the duty of the historian. [more]


Gerd Hankel

What does genocide actually mean?

Thoughts on a problematic concept

Genocide as defined by international justice polarizes victims and perpetrators. In Rwanda, crimes were committed by Tutsis and Hutus; yet only the former are deemed victims. Does the legal definition of genocide play into the hands of power? [more]


Berthold Vogel

Aligning the social

Comments on an ongoing debate

Demonized as "social bureaucracy" or used as a bulwark against global capitalism: what the modern welfare state is lacking is intellectual defence. Two recent studies fill the gap. [more]


Jörn Leonhard

Violence and participation

Civil society in the age of bellicosity

In nineteenth-century nation-states, social participation and organization was intimately linked to an aggressive war machinery. Any analysis of civil society must take account of this history of bellicosity. [more]


Klaus Naumann

Displacement as an issue of German self-understanding

How the postwar West German state, in making the displacement of sections of the population integral to its self-definition, effectively tabooed the subject. [more]


Klaus Holz

New anti-Semitism?

Change and continuity in anti-Jewish attitudes

Klaus Holz on the resurgence of anti-Semitism and the fundamental questions it raises towards Islamic fundamentalism and anti-Zionism. [more]


Léon Wurmser

The rationality of unreasonableness

Don Quijote from a psychoanalytical view

Psychoanalysts and poets alike have to restore order to a person's inner chaos and look for sense where common sense reaches its boundaries. Léon Wurmser portrays Don Quijote, the paradigm of a person in conflict, as emblematic for psychoanalysis. [more]


Stefanie Schüler-Springorum

"Shut up or piss off!"

Neighborhoods in the Basque Provinces

The Basque conflict exemplifies the case of an ethnic conflict turned into a purely political one, where an artificially created "ethnic" divide serves specific political interests. [more]


Berthold Vogel

The high noon of the welfare state

As the state is abandoning its former function of securing social cohesion, new forms of social vulnerability are emerging. [more]


Wolfgang Kraushaar


24 - 30 August 1973: "The 'gastarbeiter', the new German proletariat, revolted."

Turkish workers' protest in the Ford-factory: the first multicultural strike in Germany. [more]


Étienne Balibar

Discords in the French laicity

The ban on religious symbols in French schools reveals a crisis of the laicity. [more]


Dominik Schrage

Integration through attraction

Mass consumerism as cultural relationship to the world

Has mass consumerism become the ultimate integrative social tool? [more]


Susan Stanford Friedman

"Border talk," hybridity, and performativity

Cultural theory and identity in the spaces between difference

Friedman argues in this essay for a more transgressive, open understanding of the notion of hybridity within contemporary American cultural studies. [more]


Gerd Hankel

International Criminal Jurisdiction

Guarantee of greater security and peace or political shadow-boxing?

Gerd Hankel on the history of the International Criminal Court. Why does the US not acknowledge the court and what are its prospects and limitations? [more]


Alfons Söllner

Adorno's America

A closer look at Adorno's ambivalent relationship to his second home, America. [more]


Nikola Tietze

Suicide bombings: A literature review

On the sociological, political and economical dimensions of suicide bombings. [more]


Ulrich Bröckling

Human resources and human capital

A critique of biopolitical economics

How much are we worth and how big is the income the state generates from us? Ulrich Bröckling deals with ideas of human accountancy. [more]


Franz Schultheis, Michael Vester

Sociology as a profession

Homage to Pierre Bourdieu

On the four dimensions of social space. [more]


Jan Philipp Reemtsma

About the notion "Handlungsspielräume"

How would you decide? Jan Philipp Reemtsma looks at "options for action" in borderline situations. [more]


Ivan Deyanov, Loïc Wacquant

Taking Bourdieu into the field

An interview with Loïc Wacquant

On Wacquant's collaboration with Pierre Bourdieu. [more]


Ronit Lentin

Post-memory, received history, and the return of the Auschwitz code

The Holocaust has been transfixed into a "code" of instantly recognizable pictures and texts. These fixed memories make it almost impossible to go beyond their discursive reign, argues Ronit Lentin. [more]


Samir Amin, Michael Hardt, Camilla A Lundberg, Magnus Wennerhag

How Capitalism went Senile

Is capitalism losing its progressive dimension, turning destructive instead? Michael Hardt and Samir Amin, two of the main critics of today's capitalism, talk about the future of the system, the movements resisting it and the alternatives they propose. [more]


Christian Schneider

The Scar of Ulysses

The Wounds of the Modern and the Crisis of the Eyewitness

How can history be described adequately? Is there any space for individual psychic entities after 20th century's war trauma? Christian Schneider starts his survey with Ulysses' experiences of violence and ends with Sebastian Haffner's memories. [more]


Wolfgang Kraushaar

The Limits of the Anti-Globalisation Movement

The anti-globalisation movement is so variegated that a decisive profile would be difficult to define. Wolfgang Kraushaar writes that one can, however, find one definitive aspect: its limits. [more]


Anja Weiß

Spatial relations as a major dimension of global inequalities

In the light of economic globalization and the emergence of transnational social spaces, the nation state no longer serves as a sufficient framework for studying inequality, argues Anja Weiß. [more]


Miriam Holzapfel, Karin König

A History of the Anti-Globalisation Protests

A historical background to the globalisation protests: from the first G7 meeting in Rambouillet, 1975, to the G8 in Genoa, July 2001. [more]


Bernd Greiner

The Shift from a Civilian to a Wartime Society

The long-term impact on American society of Pearl Harbor is substantial, writes Bernd Greiner. The changes are grounded more in economics than in ideology. [more]


Nikola Tietze

The Sociology of Islam

Georg Stauth's Islamische Kultur und moderne Gesellschaft does not deal with the principles of Islam or the goals and acts of fundamentalist Islamic groups and networks. Instead, it focuses on the ways and forms in which the modern ideas of Islam spread and circulate. Stauth's essays, says Nikola Tietze in a review written before the attacks of September 11th, make it possible to reflect on the social consequences of a politicised Islam. [more]


Gaby Zipfel

Blood, Sperm and Tears

Sexual Violence in War

The societal condemnation of sexual crimes as a war-time practice is slowly growing as the victims raise the courage to speak out. [Portuguese version added] [more]


Nikola Tietze

Muslim Experiences

Identities between tradition and emancipation

After extensive interviews with young Muslim men, Nicola Tietze finds that their social reality is quite another from the conventional expectation of behaviour guided by religious tradition. [more]


Jörg Lau

The Search for Normality Lost

Helmut Kohl and Hans Magnus Enzensberger as two representative success-stories of postwar West Germany - one a critic, one the epitome of bourgeois "normality". On the meaning, importance and development of an "average" in West Germany. [more]


Didier Lapeyronnie

The Order of the Shapeless

The social and political construction of racism in French society

In order to analyse racism in French society, one needs to let go of the idea of a "societal crisis", Lapeyronnie writes. He says that first the social interaction that goes hand in hand with racism needs to be understood as a given societal structure. [more]


Christian Schneider

The Invisible Third Man

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Helmut Dietrich

The Phantom of a Homogenous Society in the German Border Regions

An Introduction in Interviews

.... [more]


Wolfgang Kraushaar

Smashing Guitars

Gustav Metzger, the Concept of the auto-desctructive Work of Art and its Consequences for Rock Music

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Immanuel Wallerstein

The Racist Albatross

Social Science, Jörg Haider and Widerstand

Racism is an inescapable part of our history, of our present and of ourselves. Only when we realise this can we also understand the role of racism in the world-system, and only then are we able to interpret the successes of the populists and the extreme right – as well as the resistance that these successes have triggered. [more]


Bernd Greiner

You'll never walk alone

American war crimes in Vietnam

The reaction of politicians, the press and the army towards pictures of war crimes from Vietnam bear startling parallels to the impact of the Abu Ghraib prison pictures from Iraq. [more]


Wolfram Stender

Ethnic Awakenings

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Articles published in the partner section

Ulrich Bröckling

Jeder könnte, aber nicht alle können

Konturen des unternehmerischen Selbst

Vom Siegeszug des selbstständigen Unternehmertyps in der Ära des neo-liberalen Kapitalismus. [more]



Focal points     click for more

The politics of privacy
The Snowden leaks and the ensuing NSA scandal made the whole world debate privacy and data protection. Now the discussion has entered a new phase - and it's all about policy. A focal point on the politics of privacy: claiming a European value. [more]

Beyond Fortress Europe
The fate of migrants attempting to enter Fortress Europe has triggered a new European debate on laws, borders and human rights. A focal point featuring reportage alongside articles on policy and memory. With contributions by Fabrizio Gatti, Seyla Benhabib and Alessandro Leogrande. [more]

Russia in global dialogue
In the two decades after the end of the Cold War, intellectual interaction between Russia and Europe has intensified. It has not, however, prompted a common conversation. The focal point "Russia in global dialogue" seeks to fuel debate on democracy, society and the legacy of empire. [more]

Ukraine in focus
Ten years after the Orange Revolution, Ukraine is in the throes of yet another major struggle. Eurozine provides commentary on events as they unfold and further articles from the archive providing background to the situation in today's Ukraine. [more]

Eurozine BLOG

On the Eurozine BLOG, editors and Eurozine contributors comment on current affairs and events. What's behind the headlines in the world of European intellectual journals?
Victor Tsilonis
Greek bailout referendum, Euro Summit, Germope
Victor Tsilonis of "Intellectum" (Greece) comments on recent developments in the Greek crisis: the short-lived euphoria of the 5 July referendum, Alexis Tsipras's subsequent "mental waterboarding", and the outlook for a German-led Europe. [more]

Time to Talk     click for more

Time to Talk, a network of European Houses of Debate, has partnered up with Eurozine to launch an online platform. Here you can watch video highlights from all TTT events, anytime, anywhere.
Neda Deneva, Constantina Kouneva, Irina Nedeva and Yavor Siderov
Does migration intensify distrust in institutions?
How do migration and institutional mistrust relate to one another? As a new wave of populism feeds on and promotes fears of migration, aggrandising itself through the distrust it sows, The Red House hosts a timely debate with a view to untangling the key issues. [more]

Support Eurozine     click for more

If you appreciate Eurozine's work and would like to support our contribution to the establishment of a European public sphere, see information about making a donation.

Vacancies at Eurozine     click for more

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Editor's choice     click for more

Timothy Snyder
Europe and Ukraine: Past and future
The history of Ukraine has revealed the turning points in the history of Europe. Prior to Ukraine's presidential elections in May 2014, Timothy Snyder argued cogently as to why Ukraine has no future without Europe; and why Europe too has no future without Ukraine. [more]

Literature     click for more

Karl Ove Knausgård
Out to where storytelling does not reach
To write is to write one's way through the preconceived and into the world on the other side, to see the world as children can, as fantastic or terrifying, but always rich and wide-open. Karl Ove Knausgård on creating literature. [more]

Jonathan Bousfield
Growing up in Kundera's Central Europe
Jonathan Bousfield talks to three award-winning novelists who spent their formative years in a Central Europe that Milan Kundera once described as the kidnapped West. It transpires that small nations may still be the bearers of important truths. [more]

Literary perspectives
The re-transnationalization of literary criticism
Eurozine's series of essays aims to provide an overview of diverse literary landscapes in Europe. Covered so far: Croatia, Sweden, Austria, Estonia, Ukraine, Northern Ireland, Slovenia, the Netherlands and Hungary. [more]

Debate series     click for more

Europe talks to Europe
Nationalism in Belgium might be different from nationalism in Ukraine, but if we want to understand the current European crisis and how to overcome it we need to take both into account. The debate series "Europe talks to Europe" is an attempt to turn European intellectual debate into a two-way street. [more]

Conferences     click for more

Eurozine emerged from an informal network dating back to 1983. Since then, European cultural magazines have met annually in European cities to exchange ideas and experiences. Around 100 journals from almost every European country are now regularly involved in these meetings.
Law and Border. House Search in Fortress Europe
The 26th European Meeting of Cultural Journals
Conversano, 3-6 October 2014
Eurozine's 2014 conference in southern Italy, not far from Lampedusa, addressed both EU refugee and immigration policies and intellectual partnerships across the Mediterranean. Speakers included Italian investigative journalist Fabrizio Gatti and Moroccan feminist and Nobel Peace Prize nominee Rita El Khayat. [more]

Multimedia     click for more
Multimedia section including videos of past Eurozine conferences in Vilnius (2009) and Sibiu (2007). [more]

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