The situation in Catalonia is unresolved. The Spanish region’s autonomy has been revoked, pending a new regional election in December. Meanwhile, the region’s now-ex-president, Carles Puigdemont, is in Belgium, where he styles himself ‘head of a government in exile’. Daniel Gascón examines where all this leaves the rights of Catalonia’s residents.
As the contentious referendum on independence for Catalonia – planned by the Catalan regional government for 1 October 1 2017, but denounced as illegal by Spain’s central government – approaches, tension is rising. Daniel Gascón, editor of Eurozine partner journal Letras Libres, argues that the Catalan government is attacking democratic legality, and Spain is defending it.
Thousands of Ukrainians tired of corruption, insecurity and lack of opportunities took to the streets during the Revolution of Dignity in 2014. That same year, Putin invaded the east and annexed the Crimean peninsula. Activists and reformists today try to keep the spirit of the Maidan, but face an ultraconservative political class and the threat of open warfare with Russia.
The internet against democracy
Digitalization reveals the distance between the democratic ideal and its practical reality. Only a society that is open, sceptical and flexible can adapt successfully to this transformation, writes Manuel Arias Maldonado.
Survivor's guilt: Navigating memory in Ukraine
Every generation of Ukrainians is confronted anew with the country’s historical traumas. However, Ricardo Dudda reports on the dangers of the past distracting reformers’ attention away from Ukraine’s future, especially where Russian propaganda seeks to distort the historical record.