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The bonfire of the universities
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Eurozine Editorial

Bologna's blind alley

editorial The uni's burning! The slogan was everywhere in the German-speaking space last winter, as the protests at the University of Vienna set off a wave of similar strikes, first at Austrian universities, then beyond: in Frankfurt, Heidelberg, Marburg, Zürich... 2009/10 saw further protests at universities in Athens, Zagreb, Marseilles and London. The Bologna Process, one of the main points of contention, also marked its ten-year anniversary on 12 March this year by officially inaugurating the European Higher Education Area. Eurozine surveys a debate enflaming (not only) Europe. [ more ]

01.07.2010
 

Protests

Jana Herwig, Max Kossatz, Viola Mark

The uni's burning via Internet

Web 2.0 Refuting derogatory references to a "Facebook rebellion" and tackling the charge that virtual "being there" undermines participation, Jana Herwig, Max Kossatz and Viola Mark examine what the student protests reveal about political activism in the era of Web 2.0. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Evan Calder Williams

Painting the glass house black

resistance Faced with outrageous tuition-fee hikes resulting from the financialization of universities, California's students are agitating for the first time in years. But is there more to these mobilizations than the limited fight for a decent and "affordable" education? [ more ]

01.07.2010
Bourfouka

The rocky waters of research

alternatives As crucial locations for the production of wealth, universities are also the natural site for the development of alternatives. One such is to publish under group pseudonyms, sidestepping the competitive evaluation of researchers by the number of papers they publish. [ more ]

01.07.2010
 

The Bologna reforms

Ioana Bot

European university reform

Ten propositions in search of an answer

Myths What in the US has been a tradition of collaboration between universities and prosperous private business, in Europe risks turning into an acceptance of the dictates of the economy. On the "entrepreneurial university" and other myths of Bologna. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Marion von Osten

The Bologna paradox

On the contradictions in the implementation of the Bologna Criteria

Exclusion The Bologna Process is typical of a new dynamic of inclusion and exclusion in post-national Europe. Not only must the assumption be challenged that access to knowledge can be controlled via monetization, the reforms must also be placed in the context of Europe's selective border regime. [ more ]

01.07.2010
 

National debates

Richard Münch

Bologna, or The capitalization of education

Germany The German protests against the Bologna Process are the last opposition to what amounts to a cultural revolution, writes Richard Münch. The result of the exposure of German universities to purely economic demands will be an increasing hierarchization of educational institutions. [Spanish version added] [ more ]

01.07.2010
Martin Konecny, Hanna Lichtenberger

The concretion of social relations

The Bologna reforms in Austria

Austria Just as Austria's entry into the common market consolidated the neoliberal transformation of society, so its implementation of the Bologna Declaration cedes national control to the supra-national level. In both cases, the result is the same: inequality and lack of democratic accountability. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Corneliu Balan

Romania: Bologna versus entrenched interests

Romania Critique of Bologna in Romania is a pretext for academic complacency and professional self-preservation, writes Corneliu Balan. The problem is not the Bologna system as such but the subordination of education to political interests and the privatization of the universities. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Alexander Bikbov

How Russian universities became the future of world education

Russia Today, a new struggle for control of Russia's universities is underway between a "black", private model and a centralized and seemingly more transparent state model. Yet the two are but different expressions of the same thing, writes Alexander Bikbov: spontaneous capitalist neoconservatism. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Almantas Samalavicius

Lithuania: Universities on the threshold

Lithuania A blind drive towards utility characterizes higher education policy in Lithuania. The only remedy on offer for the ongoing brain-drain is based on the logic of the market. Lithuanian universities are steadily going the way of the rest of "common property" after independence. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Yves Lichtenberger, Marc-Olivier Padis

French universities: Outlook and resistance

An interview with Yves Lichtenberger

France Opposition to the decentralization of the French university system culminated in protests by teaching staff in March 2009. Justified resentment at the top-down nature of the reforms combined with a resistance to change, argues Yves Lichtenberger. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Françoise Benhamou

From identity crisis to full-blown conflict

The opposition to reforms at French universities

France What began as a row over the French government plans for the revision of the status of researchers escalated in March 2009 into a prolonged and explosive dispute over Nicolas Sarkozy's attempt to overhaul France's poorly-funded public universities, writes Françoise Benhamou. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Jeremy Gilbert

Elitism, philistinism and populism

The sorry tale of British higher education policy

UK With government pressure increasing to make employability the sole goal of higher education in all but the elite institutions, universities in the UK will soon be providing no more than tertiary training for the service, retail and media industries, writes Jeremy Gilbert. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Michael Hartmann

The select few

Admissions systems at US elite universities

US Nowhere is the notion of the "achieving society" more firmly anchored than in the US: Obama, a graduate of Yale, is the latest exemplar of upward mobility. Yet the nepotism at work in the admissions systems of elite US universities gives the lie to the rhetoric of meritocracy. [ more ]

01.07.2010
 

philosophies of education

Gesine Schwan

Knowledge is not a shovel

Universities and democratic society

Multilingualism The primary aim of education is to nurture the ability to reflect, to develop new ideas, and to implement these collectively. Cognitive "multilingualism" is the only way to prevent the specialization of knowledge narrowing our horizons to an extent that results in structural irresponsibility. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Boaventura de Sousa Santos

The university in the twenty-first century

Towards a democratic and emancipatory university reform

Pluriversity Universities can regain their legitimacy only through radical democratic restructuring. Countering the brain-drain – so far the main result of the transnationalization of education – will only be possible by embarking on a counter-hegemonic process of educational globalization. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Nina Power

Axiomatic equality

Rancière and the politics of contemporary education

Equality Jacques Rancière's "utopian rationalism" invokes the possibility of a de-institutionalized autodidacticism that predicates all learning on the basis of the will of those desiring to learn. However it may be that the modern university is antithetical to establishing true equality. [ more ]

01.07.2010
Danny Dorling

The return to elitism in education

Inequality A society's attitudes to innate intelligence are closely correlated with its levels of inequality, writes Danny Dorling. In Britain, the backlash against comprehensive education has created a market-based system in which schools and universities compete for money and students. [ more ]

13.04.2010
Christopher Newfield

The structure and silence of the cognitariat

Cognitariat Only a small "creative class" achieves the freedom stereotypically attributed to knowledge workers, writes Christopher Newfield. Increasingly, recipients of higher education are prepared for working life in a knowledge economy where independence has been eroded. [ more ]

05.02.2010
Boyan Manchev

The metaseminar

Theses on education and the experience of critical thought

the political The Bologna reforms embody a narrowly utilitarian turn in higher education policy and are more a cause for concern than for celebration. A critique of the pragmatic reduction of knowledge and plea for the university as "locus of the unconditionally political". [ more ]

11.03.2010
 

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More focal points

Climate of change? Debating the politics of global warming
Agreement about the necessity of radical ecological change may be unprecedented, yet rhetoric and reality go their separate ways; what looks good on paper fails to resonate in social and political practice. Will the Copenhagen Climate Summit be able to bring together word and deed? Or will business continue as usual in the global greenhouse? A Eurozine focal point debates the politics of global warming. [ more ]

Media landscapes: Central and eastern Europe
Those in central and eastern Europe who, after 1989, saw the media as the handmaiden of democracy and the conventional watchdog on power, today have become targets for new and subtler forms of censorship. How media autonomy in Europe's newer democracies is being inhibited by market forces and continuing political intervention. [ more ]

The malady of infinite aspiration?
Sound in principle or sick at heart? Articles on the financial crisis, compiled under Durkheim's memorable phrase. Including: Jacques Rupnik, Ralf Dahrendorf, Daniel Daianu, Mircea Vasilescu, Heiner Flassbeck, Olivier Mongin. [ more ]

Olympic indifference
The Beijing Olympics 2008 are unusual insofar as not one country has boycotted them. This, despite the fact that the political dimension of the Games has seldom been more controversial. Are we seeing a new kind of "Olympic indifference"? With this in mind, Eurozine compiles articles on sport, politics, and protest. [ more ]

Shared space, divided society
Migration is part of modern society, meaning more and more people of different ethnic, religious, and cultural backgrounds live together in Europe. The multitude of perspectives and experiences represents an enormous resource, but as cultural conflicts inherent in today's urban societies become visible, doubts are also raised about the value of diversity. [ more ]

1968: Beyond soixante-huite
Forty years on, the differences between the 1968 uprisings in western and eastern Europe move into ever sharper focus. "In retrospect, the great event of '68 in Europe was not Paris, but Prague. But we were unable to see this at the time." Including articles on '68 in Czechoslovakia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, France and West Germany. [ more ]

Illiberal Europe?
Parliament or the soapbox? Populist politics are enjoying renewed success in Europe, above all in the former socialist countries. Ivan Krastev, G.M.Tamás, Ralf Dahrendorf, Jacques Rupnik and others investigate the rise of "democratic illiberalism". [ more ]

Cultural citizenship
The concept of cultural citizenship responds to the multicultural context of contemporary societies, in which the concern with equality is increasingly being complemented with a concern with difference. Contributors include Gerard Delanty, Axel Honneth, Rainer Bauböck, Ivaylo Ditchev, Charles Taylor, Rada Ivekovic, António Sousa Ribeiro. [ more ]

Decentring Europe
Any reinvention of the concept of Europe that takes into account the complexities inherent in Europe's place in a globalized world must contain a critique of Eurocentrism. Learning from the South, i.e. absorbing the full critical impact of alternative approaches may be a key element in the rethinking – and unthinking – of "Europe".[ more ]

The future of war
Are wars that are fought between nations a thing of the past, and are the future challenges more a case of ethnic strife, break-up of failed states, secession and civil wars? In a special focal point, Eurozine analyzes the changing face of warfare in the twenty-first century, in which terrorism and new security threats have profoundly transformed the way wars are conducted. [ more ]

The city as stage for social upheaval
From the western European city to the Third World megacity, one is able to observe how a single principle asserts itself in the social structure of the urban space. That principle – privatization – is geared towards the concentration of wealth and assets on an increasingly global scale, a manoeuvre its beneficiaries seek to naturalize. [ more ]

Big Brother goes global
Post 9/11, governments are increasingly tailoring "international standards" to ratify domestic policies that intrude on civil liberties. Welcome to the phenomenon of "policy laundering". [ more ]

Changing Europe
As political Europe turns 50, the questions about its future are as open as ever. A special focus featuring some of Eurozine's most outstanding contributions on the European project: From analyses of the current crisis to a hilarious parody of Brussels' literary ambitions. [ more ]

Post-secular Europe?
Is religion a public or a private matter? Can there be such a thing as a European Islam? If so, what characterizes it? What role can religion – or religions – play when it comes to the emergence of a European solidarity? [ more ]

Europe talks to Europe: Towards a European public sphere?
The European integration project has made the discussion about transnational spaces for cultural and political debate acute. Can there at all be a common Europe without a pan-European public sphere? [ more ]

Politics of border making and (cross-)border identities
Have borders become irrelevant with the project of a united Europe? No, just the opposite. On the dilemmas of border building and cross-border cooperation in the EU and its neighbourhood. [ more ]

Documenta 12 magazines
Eurozine is participating in the Documenta 12 magazines project, which links over 90 print and on-line periodicals worldwide. Read Eurozine's contributions to the documenta leitmotifs "Modernity" and "Bare Life" here.[ more ]

Freedom of speech and the Danish cartoon controversy
Free speech is a fundamental human right and a central tenet of democracy. Or is it? Reactions to the Danish cartoon controversy show that liberals are re-evaluating what the right to free speech entails. [ more ]

Politics of translation
Translation today is as much about the translation of cultural, political, and historical contexts and concepts as it is about language. [ more ]

 

Conferences

European histories
The 22nd European Meeting of Cultural Journals
Vilnius, 8-11 May 2009

Under the heading "European Histories", the 22nd European Meeting of Cultural Journals explored the role of history and memory in forming new identities in a Europe in change. [ more ]

crosswords X mots croisés
21st European Meeting of Cultural Journals
Paris, 26-29 September 2008

The 21st European Meeting of Cultural Journals 2008 in Paris explored the theme of multilingualism in Europe in terms of language policies, migration, translation and the European public sphere. Read the conference texts here. [ more ]

Changing places (What's normal anyway?)
The 20th European Meeting of Cultural Journals
Sibiu, 21-24 October 2007

Under the heading "Changing places (What's normal anyway?)", the Eurozine network conference 2007 in Sibiu, Romania, addressed the challenges facing societies, literature, and the media as the need for change meets the urge for normality. Read the conference texts here. [ more ]

Friend and foe. Shared space, divided society
The 19th European Meeting of Cultural Journals
London, 27-30 October 2006

Speakers at the 19th European Meeting of Cultural Journals opened up the discussion on cultural diversity in two directions: first, as it is experienced in the physical urban space, and second, as it is reflected in the mirror of the media. [ more ]

Neighbourhoods
The 18th European Meeting of Cultural Journals
Istanbul, 4-7 November 2005

Contributions on the notion of neighbourhood and the Turkey-Europe question from a range of intellectual and geographic perspectives. [ more ]

 

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Focal points     click for more

Russia in global dialogue

http://www.eurozine.com/comp/focalpoints/eurocrisis.html
In the two decades after the end of the Cold War, intellectual interaction between Russia and Europe has intensified. It has not, however, prompted a common conversation. The focal point "Russia in global dialogue" seeks to fuel debate on democracy, society and the legacy of empire. [more]

Ukraine in focus

http://www.eurozine.com/comp/focalpoints/publicsphere.html
Ten years after the Orange Revolution, Ukraine is in the throes of yet another major struggle. Eurozine provides commentary on events as they unfold and further articles from the archive providing background to the situation in today's Ukraine. [more]

The ends of democracy

http://www.eurozine.com/comp/focalpoints/democracy.html
At a time when the global pull of democracy has never been stronger, the crisis of democracy has become acute. Eurozine has collected articles that make the problems of democracy so tangible that one starts to wonder if it has a future at all, as well as those that return to the very basis of the principle of democracy. [more]

The EU: Broken or just broke?

http://www.eurozine.com/comp/focalpoints/eurocrisis.html
Brought on by the global economic recession, the eurocrisis has been exacerbated by serious faults built into the monetary union. Contributors discuss whether the EU is not only broke, but also broken -- and if so, whether Europe's leaders are up to the task of fixing it. [more]

Time to Talk     click for more

Time to Talk, a network of European Houses of Debate, has partnered up with Eurozine to launch an online platform. Here you can watch video highlights from all TTT events, anytime, anywhere.
Dessislava Gavrilova, Jo Glanville et al.
The role of literature houses in protecting the space for free expression

http://www.eurozine.com/timetotalk/european-literature-houses-meeting-2014/
This summer, Time to Talk partner Free Word, London hosted a debate on the role that literature houses play in preserving freedom of expression both in Europe and globally. Should everyone get a place on the podium? Also those representing the political extremes? [more]

Eurozine BLOG

On the Eurozine BLOG, editors and Eurozine contributors comment on current affairs and events. What's behind the headlines in the world of European intellectual journals?
Simon Garnett
Britain flouts the European Court of Justice

http://www.eurozine.com/blog/
The UK has passed legislation on data retention that flouts European concerns about privacy. The move demonstrates extraordinary arrogance not only towards the Court of Justice of the European Union but towards the principle of parliamentary deliberation in Britain, writes Simon Garnett. [more]

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Editor's choice     click for more

William E Scheuerman
Civil disobedience for an age of total surveillance
The case of Edward Snowden

http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-04-18-scheuerman-en.html
Earlier civil disobedients hinted at our increasingly global condition. Snowden takes it as a given. But, writes William E. Scheuerman, in lieu of an independent global legal system in which Snowden could defend his legal claims, the Obama administration should treat him with clemency. [more]

Literature     click for more

Olga Tokarczuk
A finger pointing at the moon

http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-01-16-tokarczuk-en.html
Our language is our literary destiny, writes Olga Tokarczuk. And "minority" languages provide a special kind of sanctuary too, inaccessible to the rest of the world. But, there again, language is at its most powerful when it reaches beyond itself and starts to create an alternative world. [more]

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Literary perspectives special: Witold Gombrowicz

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The recent publication of the private diary of Witold Gombrowicz provides unparalleled insight into the life of one of Poland's great twentieth-century novelists and dramatists. But this is not literature. Instead: here he is, completely naked. [more]

Literary perspectives
The re-transnationalization of literary criticism

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Eurozine's series of essays aims to provide an overview of diverse literary landscapes in Europe. Covered so far: Croatia, Sweden, Austria, Estonia, Ukraine, Northern Ireland, Slovenia, the Netherlands and Hungary. [more]

Debate series     click for more

Europe talks to Europe

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Nationalism in Belgium might be different from nationalism in Ukraine, but if we want to understand the current European crisis and how to overcome it we need to take both into account. The debate series "Europe talks to Europe" is an attempt to turn European intellectual debate into a two-way street. [more]

Conferences     click for more

Eurozine emerged from an informal network dating back to 1983. Since then, European cultural magazines have met annually in European cities to exchange ideas and experiences. Around 100 journals from almost every European country are now regularly involved in these meetings.
Law and Border. House Search in Fortress Europe
The 26th European Meeting of Cultural Journals
Conversano, 3-6 October 2014

http://www.eurozine.com/comp/conversano2014.html
Taking place in southern Italy, not far from Lampedusa, this year's Eurozine conference will address both EU refugee and immigration policies and intellectual partnerships across the Mediterranean. Confirmed speakers include Italian investigative journalist Fabrizio Gatti and Moroccan feminist and Nobel Peace Prize nominee Rita El Khayat. [more]

Multimedia     click for more

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Multimedia section including videos of past Eurozine conferences in Vilnius (2009) and Sibiu (2007). [more]


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