is Professor of History at Yale University, member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Permanent Fellow of the Institute for Human Sciences (IWM) in Vienna. Among his publications are: Sketches From a Secret War: A Polish Artist's Mission to Liberate Soviet Ukraine (New Haven, 2005, The Red Prince. The Secret Lives of a Habsburg Archduke (New York 2008) and Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin (2010). In May 2009, he delivered the keynote speech at the Eurozine conference "European histories" in Vilnius.
The history of Ukraine has revealed the turning points in the history of Europe. On 25 May both Ukrainians and EU citizens can decide which way things will turn this time. Ukraine has no future without Europe, but Europe also has no future without Ukraine. [more]
Commemorative causality, the confusion between present resonance and past power, denies history its proper subject, writes Timothy Snyder. What is easiest to represent becomes what it is easiest to argue and, in lieu of serious explanations, only emotional reflexes remain. [Polish version added] [more]
Sixty years and more since the end of WWII, eastern European experiences of subjugation are often glossed over. This creates misunderstandings that could be avoided by an awareness of a common European history. Then, solidarity rather than national prejudice would motivate public opinion on matters of European politics. [more]
Auschwitz and the Gulag are generally taken to be adequate or even final symbols of the evil of mass slaughter. But they are only the beginning of knowledge, a hint of the true reckoning with the past still to come, writes Timothy Snyder. [more]
Globalisation along rich-poor divides is less the swan song of state power than its siren song. [more]
There are moments in history when one must think broadly and ambitiously. To secure democracy in Ukraine is certainly in the interest of the European Union, writes Timothy Snyder. It is also a test for a Europe that wishes to play a role in the world. [more]