professor of sociology at New School University, New York. He is the author of Public Religions in the Modern World (1994) and The Opus Dei and the Modernization of Spain (forthcoming).
The rapid secularization of western Europe has not diminished the unease with which Europe considers Islam in its midst. In this benchmark essay, José Casanova argues that the "Islam problem" is an indicator of the disparity between liberal and illiberal strands of European secularism. [more]