“Looking for loopholes in the law and exploiting them – this was the most that we allowed ourselves. And we got our kicks from showing the government the mistakes it had made in legislation.” Translated excerpts from the correspondence between Mikhail Khodorkovsky and novelist Lyudmila Ulitskaya, first published in 2009 in Novaja Gazeta.
As contemporary witnesses disappear, collective memory in Russia is altering, writes the director of Memorial. The hardships of war and the Stalinist terror are being forgotten and Stalin is being remembered as the victor over the essence of evil.
There is near universal consensus that a multilateral treaty is the only way to reduce global carbon emissions. Yet experience shows that deals focused on top-down mechanics fail, writes Simon Zadek. Unilateral action based on national self-interest is the only hope we have of effectively managing climate change.