Abstracts for 2000 1/2010
The Hungarian poet's answer in his literature journal (Szép Szó) to a reader's fundamentalist and strict "law and order" critic. József states that the title of the periodical (Nice Word) referring to those principles are the foundations of any humanistic civilizations. Order itself comes from the governing only of such freedom that admits the interdependency of all human interests. First published in Szép Szó, April 1936.
Sort of a letter to Ignác Romsics on the Bethlen-consolidation
A laudation for the Hungarian historian Ignác Romsics by the Hungarian economist and political scientist concerning the role of István Bethlen in the history of twentieth century Hungary. Romsics's monography showed how Bethlen's consolidation developed and responded to foreign challenges and internal circumstances. Some remarks on Hungarian consolidations during the twentieth century.
Myth, mythology and "mythology" in Central and Eastern Europe
The Hungarian literary historian on early pagan "religion" of Baltic people. Baltic mythology could be a case study for ethnocentric fallacy, a dominant tendency in the Eastern European regions. In the first sense of the mythology (as totality of the myths), Baltic mythology hardly exists, in the second (as ethnographic type of literature) its basic roots has been organized by the interpretatio classica and by the interpretatio christiana. After describing his methodology, Bojtár follows this historical transformation, made by the Christian historiography of the conquerors via literature models, to the modern age when the Baltic pagan polytheisms created by Christianity are used as national prehistory.
Iván Zoltán Dénes
The relationship between Bálint Hóman and Gyula Szekfü, 1913-1946
The Hungarian historian discovers the metamorphosis of the relationship between the two great Hungarian historians based on their published works and unpublished letters. After the rather mild condemnation and early rehabilitation in the communist regime, Szekfü and his achievements have been researched in detail and to some extent idealized in the last decades, but in Hóman's case an objective interpretation and contextualization of the oeuvre is still needed.
Original in Hungarian
Contributed by 2000